The red variety is probably from the Italian region Piedmont . The numerous synonyms identify partly different game types. These are, for example, Amaro Barbera, Barbera Crna, Fina Barbera, Barbera Forte, Barbera Grossa, Mercantile Barbera, Barbera Nera Nostrana Barbera, Barbera a Peduncolo Verde, a Raspo Verde Barbera, Barbera Sarda, Barbera Vera Barberone, GAIETTO, and Lombardesca Scia. The origin is controversial, one of the variants is that they are already in the 7th Century by the Lombards, was introduced in the Piedmont. It is known there since the 13th Century, where they cultivated in the Monferrato and in a monastic document as a "bonus vitibus barbexinis" is mentioned. In a ampelography Count Nuvolone it was in 1798 listed under the name of "Vitis vinifera Montisferratensis". According to another version, it comes from Lombardy. It is believed that the Barbera with the Perricone identical to Sicily. The Barbera was a partner at the intersection of varieties Albarossa , Cornarea , Incrocio Terzi N. A , Nebbiera , Prodest and Superga . There is also a white Barbera Bianca , But there is probably no direct relationship.
After the Phylloxera began to conquer the Barbera, which eventually developed with over 50% of the vineyards in the Piedmont to the local "people Straube," and in Italy the early 1990s, still occupied 50,000 hectares. Mid-1980s she was wrongly discredited, as the infamous Methanol Italy put into cheap mass-Barbera wines with methyl alcohol and were thus were 30 deaths. Today she is in Italy, only more than 23,000 hectares of vineyards. Here it is represented mainly in the regions of Emilia-Romagna, Lombardy and Piedmont. The late-maturing, high yielding varieties provides a deep ruby â€‹â€‹red, acid and tannin reds emphasized. Determining grade is she in the DOC / DOCG wines Barbera d'Alba , Barbera d'Asti , Barbera del Monferrato , Colli Piacentini and OltrepÃ² Pavese . In many other regions, it is mostly used as a co-partner, for example in the DOC / DOCG wines Bardolino , Cerveteri , Colli Perugini , Falerno del Massico and Molise , And in many table wines in Italy. Outside Italy, the variety in Slovenia, as well as in Argentina (where it occupies several thousand acres) and is represented in California.