Even Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) is the red variety have valued and encouraged, by ordering "the great Frankish sorts of bad Heunisch to separate (Hun) varieties. " From this selection of "valuable, Frankish material" may, over time, today's Blaufränkisch have developed. Synonyms are blue Frankentaler, Blauer Limberger, Blue Zierfahndler Blue Franc, Blue French, Burgundy Mare, Cerny muscatel, Crna Moravka, Franconia, Franconia, Frankovka, Frankovka Cerna, Frankovka Modra, Early Black, Grand Blanc, Game, Kékfrankos, Kekfrank, Lemberger, Limberger, Moravian, Modra Frankija, Nagyburgundi, Noir de Franconie, Orna Frankovka, Franconian Black, black and coarse, black muscat and Velke Bugundske. In the area of today's Austria (Lower Austria, Burgenland) the variety or precursors of them was probably already in the 10th Century spread. The Ampelograph Dr. Sebastian Helbling, it is one in his documentary "Description of the common area in the Wiener-type grapes" from the year 1777 under the name "Black Frankish" the best red wines in Lower Austria.
Mid-19th Century, the native variety Lemberger or Limberger under the name finally in Germany. From Lviv in what was then Lower Styria (now Slovenia) 1877 vine material as "Lembergerreben" to Germany was exported. The second synonym Limberger refers to the small town of Limberg in Maissau (Lower Austria), where at the end of the 19th Century also "own-rooted vines Limberger Blaufränkisch" were offered for sale. The present name was Blaufränkisch only in the late 19th Century common. Already in 1875 it had been negotiated in the International Commission on ampelographic this term, but this was not then realized, especially in Germany.
It was long believed that the vine with a variety of Beaujolais Gamay in France is identical, with some of the Morphology Similarities. By DNA it was found that the variety is a cross between the old vine Heunisch with an unknown partner Franconia. As a candidate is, among other things Blue Silvaner (a variant of the Silvaner) in question. Thus, the above mentioned selection at the time of Charlemagne would be confirmed at least from the origin point of view. Due to great similarities, the two could Franconian varieties, "Blue Zierfa (h) dealer" or "Black Coarse" (who were also synonyms for the Lemberger) mutations or be precursors of Blaufränkisch. The vine is sometimes referred to as "Pinot Noir of the East". The hot-blooded, tannic red wine feinsäuerliche and has a dark ruby red color with violet hues, fruity aroma develops during ripening cherry notes. He also has excellent aging potential.
In Austria, evidence of late-maturing Blaufränkisch 3225 hectares and is equipped with 7% share is rising vierthäufigst the grape variety. The majority of the stock is in the Burgenland and mainly in the two wine regions Mittelburgenland (The so-called "Blaufränkischland") and Südburgenland . In Germany, over 1,700 hectares covered with it, including more than 1,600 hectares in the region Württemberg . In Hungary , known as the Kékfrankos variety with over 8,000 acres is the most common. As a novelty, it will be known as Lemberger in the U.S. state Washington grown. Due to its properties it is also a very popular crossing partner in many new varieties such as Acolon , André , Blue Burger , Heroldrebe , Laurot , Rathay , Reberger , Roesler , Rubintos , Seifert , Taltos and Zweigelt .