Translations into other languages are available for subscribers only.
Several containers of glass for liquid has been made ‚Äč‚Äčalready in ancient Egypt 1500 BC. But until the invention of the blowpipe (and glass-blowing) on ‚Äč‚Äčthe 2nd Century BC by Phoenicia in the region of Syria has allowed the Romans from the beginning of our era in large-scale glass bottles too. The Cork as a closure already widespread. The bottles were fitted with a neck located at the top bead, which served as collateral for the secured plugs with cords. On the bottle body was also often a glass seal melted, with the name and coat of arms included the owner, but no information was included about the content. This offered some protection against forgery. After the advent of glass bottles mid-17th Century it was forbidden for a long time to sell wine by the bottle. Because of the different sizes of bottles that would be cheating the floodgates have been opened. By the beginning of the 19th Century sat down instead of the bulbous spherical shape by then, the now common roll form, because this far better suited for stacking the bottle. The first producer that bottles produced in this form, Ricketts was in the English city of Bristol, where the company had a patent for it. At this time also came the first label in its current form in use.
Despite the industrial production of glass bottles was the market in bottles until well into the 20th Century rather than for better quality. For the most part, wine was sold in addition to the above-mentioned reason, in practical terms because of the ease of transport in barrels. In many countries, the general began bottling only by following the second world war. Many countries, wine regions and producers have created specific bottle shapes, sizes and colors to create a distinctive identity for marketing purposes. In the German region Saxony is the cone-shaped club Saxony , in the growing region Rheingau its slim, brown bottle Schlegel and the region Moselle same standard in green. The Schlegel bottle (even high-bottle) is used in Austria, Germany, Switzerland and the French Alsace region for whites the most.
From France comes the shape and color-wise significant Bordeaux bottle , bottle Burgundy and Champagne bottle , but which are now used worldwide (see detail here). In particular, the Burgundy bottle was from the Chardonnay boom in the 1980s, the world within a short time popular. Moreover, in many countries, special bottles like the Clavelin for the Vin Jaune , the drahtumflochtene Alambrado for Rioja , the Bocksbeutel in Franconia (also in Greece and the Armagnac in use), the Albeisa in Piedmont for Barolo and Barbaresco or before the unspeakable bastumflochtene Fiasco for Chianti . In addition, there are also individual producers Customized bottles or forms.
For a long time was the standard size for most wine bottles 0.7 liters. Apparently she goes to the famous monk Dom Perignon back of this volume was calculated as the average adult male intake at dinner. Others take on a purely practical reasons, because this is also about the amount of air that can take a glass-blower at a time in the lung. But there were wine vessels in up to 30 bottles of content use. This balloon-shaped vessels were used primarily for storage. The first in an entire country's statutory size bottle was introduced in the 1735 "Pinte de Paris" under King Louis XV. (1710-1774). This capacity measures for wine, beer and Cidreflaschen was 0.93 liters and had a minimum weight of 25 ounces (765 g). The wine bottles were in Europe, a volume of about 0.7 liters with a range between 0.65 to 0.85, which continued into the 1970s. Only then sat down today's world standard of 0.75 liters of wine through. In Switzerland (Vaud), the 0.7-liter bottle is still in use.
In spirit , the volume is still mostly 0.7 liters. But there are still a large number of small volumes and large sizes, which are then listed in the table below (see also below nominal volume ). Especially in the regions of France Bordeaux , Burgundy and Champagne, it's long been common practice to bottle wine or sparkling wine in larger bottles. The in bottles in larger bottles is slower, which can have a positive impact. For wine the most common is the so-called Magnum and a half and double magnum with three liters. The overlying large sizes are usually only display items for marketing campaigns. To the wine from the harmful effects of UV light to protect the most wine bottles are made ‚Äč‚Äčwith dark-colored glass. Many bottles have the practical reasons Bottom of the bottle (Qv) an indentation.
Most of the bottles-large sizes are named after famous Biblical figures. But there are various versions, for any reason and when they were first used. The wine writer Andr√© Louis Andr√© Louis Simon (1877-1970) said that the names were chosen based on the size and glory of the mighty kings of Israel (there are not all the kings). The first use of biblical names dates from 1725, as a winery in Bordeaux Jeroboam used for the six-cylinder. The ostensible reason was that this was called a "man of great value." Maybe they were inspired by Eugene Destuche, a poet from the Champagne region, the Jeroboam mentioned in his works and some other of the later name.
The tradition of using biblical names for bottle-over format, but was then continued until the 1940s, especially in France. Some are in the Champagne (for champagne) and Bordeaux (for still wines) sometimes different volumes. From the volume of six liters, they are usually only for Champagne used in small quantities or for marketing purposes. Some bottle-large sizes are exclusively for the storage and maturation such as Demijohn with 45 liters of volume used and the contents then transferred prior to marketing in normal bottles.
By August 2009, which came into force in EU wine market organization also resulted in changes regarding the wine containers. Previous practice of allowing only quality wines in glass bottles, barrels or sintered ceramic vessels sold to the consumer. In order to increase competitiveness with third countries, these countries for EU adverse determination has been canceled. Wine may therefore now be unlimited in a variety of containers such as, for example, bag-in-box and Tetra Pak are filled. See also Drum types and Wine vessels .
Still Wines - Spirits
Burgundy (in part)
- 0.02 Miniature bottles (Eg, Underberg) - - 0.10 Sixth-year boys , for example, Balsamic used - 0.25 0.1875 Nip (Dinky, Quarter) Pony Quart de Bouteille - 0.20 Piccolo (registered trademark of Henkell ) - - 0.25 no special name - 0.5 0.375 Demi Bouteille, Three eighths , Fillette
Half bottle, split , Stifterl , Tenth
Demi - 0.50 Dumpy - - 0.568 Imperial pint (UK) - - 0.62 Clavelin - for Vin Jaune used - - 0.70 mostly at Spirit uses - A 0.75 Bouteille , Bottiglia, Botella, Bottle, Bottle Bouteille A 0.75 Fifth (USA) - 1.08 0.81 Litron (France) - 1.24 0.93 Pinte de Paris (France) - 1.33 A mainly for simple wine - 2 1.5 Magnum Magnum 2.66 2 Doppler (Austria) - 2.8 2.1 Flagon - 3 2.25 Marie-Jeanne , hen Tappit , Tregnum - 4 3 Double Magnum, Double Magnum Jeroboam 5.3 4 Dame Joan - 6 4.5 Jeroboam (Bordeaux) Rehoboam 6.66 5 Jeroboam (Bordeaux) in 1978 - 8 6 Imp√©riale (Bordeaux) Methuselah 10.66 8 no special name - 12 9 - Salmanazar 16 12 - Balthazar 20 15 - Nebuchadnezzar 24 18 Melchior Goliath 26.66 20 - Salomon (Solomon) 35 26.25 - Sovereign (Sovereign) 36 27 - Primacy 40 30 - Melchizedek 60 45 Demijohn (Demijon, Demi John, Lady Jane) - 66.66 50 - Sovereign (Sovereign) 131 98.5 Adelaide - 387 290 Shiraz vineyards of 2005 5 Australia 640 480 TBA 2007 Austria - Kracher Weinlaubenhof 2681 2011 Pinot Noir / Dornfelder Switzerland
The three listed at the end of the world's largest wine bottles are custom made. The third largest wine bottle in the world belongs to the Australian wine merchant and Kim Bullock served in 2007 for the application of Australian products. She is 196 centimeters tall and 485 kilograms. The made in Germany and Australia-filled bottle, the contents of 387 is normal wine bottles with 0.75 liters, which is worth more than 290 liters is (corresponding to 1.3 barriques). The bottle is a blend of Shiraz, 2005 vintage of five Australian wineries. It is closed with a hand-cut Portuguese special corks.
The second largest wine bottle was filled in 2007 in Burgenland (Austria). It was manufactured by Lenz laboratory glass in Wertheim am Main (Germany), is 2.40 meters tall, 630 pounds, has a diameter of 68 cm, a wall thickness of 1 cm and holds 480 liters. It was a dry berry selection of the winery Kracher Weinlaubenhof in the community Illmitz (vineyards Lake Neusiedl ) filled. Commissioned by the Swiss entrepreneur's record bottle was Migg Eberle, owner of a restaurant and gathering of large bottles. The tank with the "Grande Cuvee TBA Year 2005 Number 7" was lifted with a forklift. Then the bottle was sealed with a manufactured in France 1 pound cork with 18 cm diameter. The cost of custom-made amounted to ‚ā¨ 75,000, the contents are worth ‚ā¨ 50,000. The well-known in Austria, "Father Hans Denk wine" of the bottle with his blessing was long on the way to Switzerland. There they will be issued in the "guest house for Gupf AG" in the community Rehetobel near Rorschach (canton of Appenzell). The bottle should be opened but never used, but only as a showpiece.
By far the largest wine bottle in the world comes from the wine-growing village in the Swiss canton of watts Zurich . She is 3.80 meters tall, has a diameter of about one meter and weighs together with a wooden frame about three tons. It includes 2011 liters with a blend of Pinot Noir and Dornfelder from Watter layers, corresponding to 2681 bottles of 0.75 liters. The cork is "large pillows." The bottle was made from a plant in Canton Thurgau, the wooden structure built by a carpenter from Watts. The community was notified by huge bottle for the Guinness Book of World Records. The contents were poured in the fall of 2011, visitors to the annual village festival.