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 Bulgarien

Bulgarien

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Statistics
Klassifiz. Producer: 20
Wines tasted: 37

Viticulture there was in this area already in the Ancient wines when Thracian tribes north and south of the Balkan Mountains Wild Vines cultivated and a pronounced cult dedicated to the god Dionysus operated. At the time of the Roman Empire was wine from Thrace a popular export products to Greece, Sicily, Asia Minor and Egypt. These ancient experiences were later adopted by the Slavs and Bulgarians. In the Middle Ages the wine reached a climax by the monasteries with their wide-area vineyards. In 1393 the Bulgarian Empire was conquered by the Turks and remained almost 500 years until 1878 under Islamic rule. It was only the production of Table grape allowed. The Alcohol ban ultimately led to a complete halt of viticulture.

This was resumed only after the First World War on a large scale and operated by small vintners with indigenous varieties. After the Second World War, a collective system was introduced, founded viticulture schools and planted European vines. In the 1960s, Bulgaria has developed into a major wine exporter. After the political changes the state wine monopoly VINPROM was dissolved in 1990 and privatized in most establishments. Since 2007 Bulgaria is a member of the European Union , which led to stricter wine laws.

There are five wine regions, which are divided into sub-regions. To the north is Dunavska Ravnina ( Danube ) with 30% of the vineyard. The region on the border with Romania and Serbia is primarily known for its red wines from Gamza, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon. Control Iran-spaces Lozitza, Lyaskovetz, Novo Selo, Pavlikeni, Rousse, Suhindol, Svishtov and Yantra. The Thrakiiska Nizina Region (Thracian plane) is in the south on the border with Turkey and comprises 35% of the vineyard. She is best known for its red wines from Mavrud, Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon. Control Iran-spaces Asenovgrad, Brestnik, Oriachovitza, Plovdiv, Sakar and Stambolovo.

To the east lies Chernomorski (Black Sea). The region is known for white wines from Chardonnay, Sauvignon Blanc, Traminer and Riesling. Control Iran-spaces Jujen Briag, Khan Krum, Kralevo, Novi Pazar, Preslav and Varna. The Jolianka Na goiter (Struma valley) region is located in the southwest on the border with Greece and Macedonia . It is especially for the red wine from Shiroka Melnishka known (Melnik). Control of Iran are Harsovo and Melnik. The mountainous region Podbalkanski (Rosental or Balkan border) is in the center. She is known for white wines from Chardonnay and Misket. Control of Iran are Karlovo, Rozova Dolina (Rosental), Slaviantzi and Sungurlare.

For the most part prevails a temperate continental climate with hot summers, warm and dry autumns and cold winters. Only in Struma, there is a Mediterranean climate. The conditions are excellent for viticulture. At around 60% are red wine and grown to 40% white varieties. In 2007, only 1.68 million hectoliters of wine were produced from 93,300 hectares. The reason for this small amount are widely produced distillates and table grape . In addition, the vines are planted with a relatively large distance. Around half of the production is exported. The Grape in 2010 with the vineyards for wine production (Kym Kym Anderson ):

grape color Synonyms or Bulgarian names hectare
Merlot red - 10,573
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 8,436
Pamid red Plovdina, Roşioar 6,792
Misket Cherven White Cherven Misket, Karlovski Misket, Misket Siv 4,159
Muscat Ottonel White Musket Otonel, Misket 3,236
Rkatsiteli White Rkaziteli 3,121
Chardonnay White - 2,457
Dimiat White Dymiat, Misket Slivenski, Smederevka 2,386
Shiroka Melnishka red Melnik, Shiroka Melnishka Loza 1,580
Mavrud red Mavroudi, Mavroudi Voulgarias 1,296
Riesling White Risling 1,170
Gewürztraminer White Mala Dinka 747
Trebbiano Toscano White Ugni Blanc 723
Kadarka red Gamza, Gumza, Gymza 550
Misket Varnenski White Muscat de Varna, Muscat Varnenski 336
Storgozia red Storgoziya 295
Ranna Melnishka Loza red Early Melnik, Melnishka Ranna 249
Ruby red Rubin Bolgarskii 165
Shevka red Chevka 156
Misket Vrachanski White Mirizlivka, Misket Vratchanski 152
Ruen red - 7
Misket Dunavski red Dunajski nutmeg ?
Misket Plevenski red Muscat de Pleven ?
Orfej White - ?

Wine Categories: In August 2009, the EU wine market organization was valid with fundamental changes to the wine designations and grades for all member countries. The following new terms or quality levels (see also detailed under Quality System ):

* Vino bulg. Вино (table wine) = Wine
* RV = Regionalno Vino or Wine Country
* GNP, GKNP = Katschestveno Vino or Quality wine

RV (Regionalno Vino): the two major regions of the Danube plain (northern part of the country) and Thracian plain (southern part of the country) apply to the table wine with a geographical indication. When quality wine, there are two stages (as DOC and DOCG in Italy):

GNP (Garantirano Naimenovanie sa Proischod = guaranteed): There are 47 geographical areas. The GNP- and GKNP wines may comprise the same place, which occasionally leads to confusion. An example are the wines "Assenovgrad Mavrud" and "Assenovgrad Mavrud Control Iran".

GKNP (i Garantirano Kontrolirano Naimenovanie sa Proischod = guaranteed and controlled): Defined vineyards in the geographical areas. The wine there are regulations bez. Varieties, cultivation methods and winemaking techniques. Alcohol, acid and sugar content to be controlled and to one of the wine sensory examination released by government body. On the label are the range, variety, type of wine, and "Control Iran" quoted. The vineyards:

Asenovgrad Mavrud, Harsovo Melnik, Jujen Briag Rosé, Khan Krum Traminer, Treasure of Kralevo, Liaskovetz Aligote, Lozitza Cabernet, Novi Pazar Chardonnay, Novo Selo Gamza, Oriachovitza Cabernet-Merlot, Pavlikeni Gamza, Preslav Chardonnay, Russian River Side White, Rozovata Dolina Misket , Sakar Merlot, South Coast Rosé, Stambolovo Merlot, Suhindol Gamza, sungurlare Misket, Svishtov Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay Varna, Yantra Valley Cabernet Sauvignon.

Special wine names / types
* Barik (барик) = Barrique
* Beritba na Presrialo Grosde = harvest of overripe grapes
* Katschestveno Penlivo Vino) = quality sparkling wine
* Mlado vono = New wine , bottled in crop year and varmarktet to March of the following year
* Rosentaler = quality wine from certain varieties with the. 22 g / l sugar content
* Special Reserva = matured in barriques at least 1 year

Some producers just put the name of a wine field. Known manufacturers are Asenovgrad, Belvedere Group (Domaine Katerina, Domaine Menarda Stara Zagora, Sakar, Oriachovitza), Bessa Valley, Black Sea Gold, Domaine Boyar (Blue Ridge, Korten), Burgas, Damianitza, Haskovo, Magura Winery, Miroglio, Peshtera Group, Pomorie, Rousse, Stork nest Estates (formerly Svishtov), ​​Stambolovo, Suhindol, Targovishte, Todoroff, Vinex Slavyantzi, Vini Sliven and Yambol.
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