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The approximately 8,700 square kilometer island (Fr. Corse) is located 160 kilometers southeast of the coast France . It is one of the oldest wine regions in the world. In the 6th Century BC, by the Corsica Phoenicia settled that it named Korai (covered with forest). Middle of the 3rd Century BC the island came under Roman rule. By 1000 AD in Pisa won sovereignty and reactivated by the fall of the Roman Empire decadent wine. From the end of the 13th Century, took over the Genoa domination. Probably born in Calvi on the northwestern coast of Christopher Columbus (1451-1506). The Genoese in 1572 issued the regulation that every family had planted four vines. The island was sold to France in 1768, a year later, in Ajaccio Napoleon Bonaparte was born (1769-1821). When Emperor granted the special privilege of his home, sell the wine without taxes. Mid-19th Century there were around 20,000 hectares and three-quarters of the population lived on wine. To a total decline is attributable to the Phylloxera .
It was not until the early 1960s by the Algerian French viticulture was revived. This has been widely planted varieties and bulk carriers to Corsica Wine lake Europe. Through the EU was initiated in the 1980s, a wine garden clearing. The bulk carrier has been widely replaced with noble grape varieties and vineyards now dropped to about 7,500 acres. This contributed greatly to the quality improvement. The climate is sunny richer than in the mainland, there are hot summers and poor rain, sunny autumns. The location on the Mediterranean and the many mountains but cause large fluctuations in weather with different climates. To be half red wines, rose wines and produces about 40% to 10% of whites. There are cultivated around 20 varieties. The three most important are the red and Sciacarello Nielluccio (Sangiovese), and the white Malvasia (Vermentino). Others are Alicante, Carignan, Cinsault, Grenache, Merlot, Muscat Ã Petits Grains, Syrah, Ugni Blanc. The AC wines make up about 15%.
* Ile de Beaute (The Vin Pays)
* Muscat du Cap Corse
* Vin de Corse (Calvi, Coteaux du Cap Corse, Figari Porto Vecchio, Sartene)