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Peninsula on the Black Sea, with its capital Simferopol and Yalta, the famous resort on the south coast. The 25.6 thousand km ² comprehensive Crimea is an autonomous republic and one of the four wine-growing regions of Ukraine . It is the home of the famous Crimean champagne . Here are the famous wine-growing research institute Magarach and historic wineries Massandra and Novy Svet . See also Russia .