Large historic winery and wine-making cooperative in the municipality Loiben in the Lower Austrian wine region Wachau on the left bank of the Danube. In the more than 1000 years of its development it has made a significant contribution to the Austrian wine history and wine culture. The beginning goes back to the year 860, when King Louis the German (804-876), the Good, "Liupna" (today Oberloiben) gave the Salzburg church. The estate was subsequently the center of the colonization and cultivation in the area. In 1002 gave King Henry II (973-1024) to the monastery of Tegernsee "two Hooves Liupna places in the east ", which resulted in the neighboring Unterloiben to create new vineyards and the edification of a large farmyard (Dinstlgut later and rectory), cellar equipment and a mill site. The estate was up to 18 Century on the extent of the still existing vineyards superinfection, Oberhauser and bulk expanded. The possessions in Upper and Unterloiben remained until the year 1802 in the church property, then there was a brief moment of Nikolaihof Mautern managed from Imperial State Winery and then in the possession grÃ¤flichem. In 1832, it inherited Dr. Ferdinand Dinstl (country lawyer, member of the Kremser Frankfurt Parliament in 1849 and Mayor of Krems ) and joined the main sections of the former church property in Salzburg and Tegernsee.
He became a supporter of Loibner wine, introduced a modern, quality-oriented wine industry, and managed the estate to cooperative principles. For the grapes delivered Hauer there was a strict reading order with respect to the Delivery order from the various vineyards. The tusks had to provide the dishes themselves and indicate their names. In a vat could not be filled mash from two different vineyards, even when both worked on the tusks. The cutting of grapes for personal use was allowed only with permission of Gutsinhabung. The main harvest period was mostly the second and third week of October, the reader often moved up into November. The grapes or mash with the quality and price was also on the particular vineyard - who were divided into classes - dependent. Leased in 1882, managed approximately 25 hectares of vineyards Dinstl itself, the rest was. To turn of the century was, like almost everywhere throughout Austria the False Mildew on, the greater harm in here later than the phylloxera . In the period 1920-1930 the adjustment to a phylloxera-resistant rootstock and base . The renewal of vineyards, more quality grapes such as Riesling, were Riesling, Neuburger and Muscat Ottonel exposed in this regard was the groundbreaking operation Loibner pattern.
After the death of Ferdinand in 1913 Dinstl his sister Hedwig took over the estate and managed without leases almost all vineyards itself ended with her death in 1930, the era Dinstl, there were no heirs. That same year, the estate with 26 hectares of arable land and 23 hectares of vineyards from a new cooperative with 42 innovative winemakers to 380 000 shillings (about 28,000 euros) has been bought. After a checkered history, with a steady climb, there was the Second World War, large setbacks that have made the necessary reconstruction. Today, the catchment area of the "wine cooperative Dinstlgut Loiben" communities mainly from wine-growing regions Wachau and Kremstal . Around 350 members managed a total of 232 hectares, for example, in the vineyards Pfaffenberg (Riede Austria) (Krems), Loibenberg and bulk (both in Loiben). Members were advised that GrÃ¼ner Veltliner and Riesling for planting. In the central pressure was Loiben, vinification, bottling and marketing. The traditional cooperative in recent years became more and more into trouble and was finally closed in late 2006. What about the facilities of the cooperative and the rock basement (wine cellar) was passed, at that time not yet fixed.