The red variety is very old and is one of the finest varieties Italy . It can be to the noble CÃ©pages (the best in the world) expected. On the basis of the synonym Spanna has been suggested that by Pliny Could originate (23-79) praised wine from Pollenzo (northwest of the Barolo zone) of this grape variety. The name Spanna was not only used for Nebbiolo. Specifically, it is the first time in 1303 from the medieval wine writers Peter de Crescentiis (1230-1320) named it as the "delicious" and the wine of it as "excellent" describes. The special status of the species occupies a statute of the municipality of La Morra in 1431. That each of them a heavy fine and even in case of recurrence of the loss of the right hand is threatened to cut off the only one Nebbiolo grapes from the vineyard.
The name derives from the Italian word for fog (nebbia) or snow (neve) and relates how the synonym "Prunent" on the white-gray waxy coating (scent) of the berries. According to Anna Schneider (CNR Institute of Turin) and the Swiss JosÃ© Vouillamoz Jose , and the Institute of San Michele all'Adige conducted and published in 2004 DNA There is a close relationship with the variety Freisa . Are also closely related varieties Bubbierasco , Negrara , Rossola and Vespolina . The Nebbiolo was a partner at the intersection of new varieties Albarossa , Bric , Cornarea , Nebbiera , Passau , Ruby , San Martino , San Michele , Superga and Valentino Nero .
The many names / synonyms refer to some extent different varieties or clones, which are important Nebbiolo del Biela, Lampia Nebbiolo, Nebbiolo and Nebbiolo RosÃ© Michet. Other names are Barbesino, Barolo, Brunenta, Chiavennasca, Lampia, Marchesana, Marchesina, Martesana, Melassa, Melasca, Melaschetto, Melascone, Michet, Nebbieul Maschio, Nebbiolin, Nebbiolin Canavesano, Nebbiolin Comune Nebbiolin Lungo, Nebbiolin Nero, Nebbiolo d'Asti , Nebbiolo di Barbaresco, Nebbiolo Barolo, Nebbiolo Tues Beltram, Nebbiolo di Bricherasio, Nebbiolo Tues Carema, Nebbiolo Tues Gattinara, Nebbiolo di Ivrea, Nebbiolo Tues Lorenzi, Nebbiolo Tues Masio, Nebbiolo Tues Moncrivello, Nebbiolo Tues Monsordo, Nebbiolo di Nizza, Nebbiolo Nizza della Paglia, Nebbiolo di Piemonte, Nebbiolo Sciolze Tues, Tues Stroppo Nebbiolo, Nebbiolo Femmina, Grosso Nebbiolo, Nebbiolo Occellino, Pignolato Nebbiolo, Nebbiolo di Sinistra Tanaro Nebieu, Nebieul, Nebieul Fumela, Nebbiolo, Nibieul, Nibieul Burghin, Nibiol, Nubiola, Pantiner, Picotener, Picotender, Picotendre, Picoutendre, Picotenero, Picoultener, Picutener, Pioultener, Poctener, Prugnet, Pruine, Prunenta, Pugnet, Rosetta, Black Veltliner, Spanna Grossa, Spanna Ã Gattinara and Uva Spana.
The great potential of this variety of wine by the famous French oenologist Louis Oudart Louis Mid-19th Century, recognized as the creator of the now-famous style of dry DOCG wines, Barbaresco and Barolo created. Until then, it has in fact expanded mainly sweet. In Italy, the late-ripening variety is now grown almost exclusively in the regions of Aosta Valley, Piedmont and Lombardy. The variety shows, despite the high quality potential of only about 5,000 hectares of vineyards. This is mainly due to its high altitude claims. Due to the early bud break, it is susceptible to late frost, the flowers tend to also tend to damp BlÃ¼hwetter Coulure . Due to the late maturity and high acid levels, the variety, the best locations needed on sunny south-to southwest slopes and preferably calcareous marl soils.
Stocks are low it overseas, for example, in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, California and Mexico. In Germany, Switzerland and Austria, there has been some years ago (again) crop trials. The variety yields garnet-red to dark, tannin-rich extracts and red wines with strong acidity and high potential for great longevity. These develop a diverse bouquet of aromatic tar, violets and roses. Nebbiolo is either varietal wine or with a high percentage in the five DOCG Barbaresco , Barolo , Gattinara , Ghemme and Roero , As well as in the DOC wines Boca , Bramaterra , Carema , Fara , Nebbiolo d'Alba , Sizzano and Valtellina included.