Science (grch. eco = environment) of the complex and reciprocal relationship of organisms to their environment as a branch of biology (the science of living nature and the laws in the process of animal, plant and human life). Comprehensive terms means the science of ecology overall balance of nature. Crucial to a balanced and stable ecosystem is Biodiversity (High biodiversity). This means the existence of a large number of plant and animal organisms. In all western industrialized countries are caused by large areas in agriculture and viticulture including in so-called monocultures often enormous dimensions. In extreme cases, instead of a natural complex of many different plants as a single plant only the vine.
By the widespread use of Plant Protection with polluting Epo is the vine against these pathogens against animal pests and to Weed become impoverished and unstable. Another reason is that some of them already carried out over many decades of massive fertilization with mineral substances. This creates a negative (nearly lethal) cycle, because the proliferation of pests is virtually inevitable. From the discussion about the limits of industrial growth and the exploitation of the natural world of man, the ecology movement has emerged that wants to make dealing with the limited resources of the earth environmentally friendly. Therefore, the term Sustainability (Regenerable systems), and about the concept of biodiversity conservation Biodiversity emerged. These principles also play an increasingly important role in the wine. See also Biodynamic viticulture , Organic Viticulture .