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The white variety is one of the oldest in Central Europe. The two Roman wine writers Columella and Pliny (23-79) have in their works a vine Vitis albuelis (Vitis alba, alba Uva) described. Often the assumption is expressed that this could be an ancestor of the Elbling and that was cultivated by the Romans on the Mosel. But this can of course not be verified. Could be derived from the Latin "albus" (white) is indeed "Elbling" derived. In the 1990s, at least by DNA found that the Elbling spontaneous (natural) junction between Heunisch x (Vitis silvestris, wild grape = x Traminer). Probably it originated in the Rhine Graben. This is also the Riesling of the case and there are family ties between the two varieties. Significantly, there are also "rough Riesling" and "Great Riesling" as two of the many synonyms for the Elbling. The famous German botanist Hieronymus Hieronymus Bock (1498-1554) mentions him in his "KreĂŒtter book" in the edition of 1546 as "Albich" and "Albichdrauben". In the Middle Ages it was the most common variety in Germany, it is believed that in 1800 covered 75% of the vineyards here with Elbling was. From the 17th Century, it was then supplanted by the rise of Riesling and Sylvaner. But he was still up to the 19th Century and was widely Heunisch with other varieties such as White Mixed Set in the vineyards.
The many synonyms indicate the age of the vines and grapes, and the family used to spread across Europe, with the various game species and mutation can be: Albana, albums, Albich, Allemand Blanc, Alsatian, Alva, Bielovcka, Blesec, Bourgeois, burgers , Castle Egger, burgers Elbling, Dickelbling, Elbai FehĂ©r, Elves, Facun, Farantbily, Frankenthal Blanc, Gelbelbling, Yellow Elbling, Gouais Blanc (but is a separate species), Grobelbling, coarse Riesling, Gros Blanc, Great Riesling, Hartalbe, Hartelbling, Haussard, Here countries, Kleinberger (former principal name), KlĂ€mmer, small berries, Klember, Klemplich, crystallizer, short Stingler, Marmot, Mouillet, Pecek, Plant Commun, Plant Madame NĂ€sslinger, Nuremberg, RĂ€ifrench, Rhine albums Rheinelbe, Schlitzer, Seretonina, SĂŒĂgrober, Vert Blanc , WeiĂalbe, White Elbling, White Sylvaner, Welschel and tenacious.
Varieties are Blue Elbling, Red Elbling (Burger Rose, Chasselas Rose Faulcon, Rotelber, Red Flour White, Red Silberling, red and white, red Hungarian) Black Elbling (Blauduftiger Trollinger, Cerny Cynifal, Elbai Kek, Mala Modrina, Pinot de Fleury, Velka Kavka) and White Elbling (see above). In Germany today, the Elbling with a total of 576 hectares is almost exclusively located in the area Moselle represented, there are small areas in the growing areas of Baden and Saxony. Low inventories also exist in the Lorraine region of France. In Luxembourg He was in the late 19th Century, virtually the only vine, today he is still there on a large scale under the name RĂ€ifrench cultivated. From the Elbling dry table wines are made with a racy acidity that are best drunk young. Due to the acid they are well suited as a base wines and sparkling wines are also used in Luxembourg, mostly for it. In 1986 was founded in Nittel (Upper Mosel) of the "Association of Friends of the Upper Moselle Elblingweines eV". This has made it its mission to maintain the Elbling, to promote its image and making them more widely known. To this end and the 0.2-liter "Elblingbecher" created with engraved Elblingtraube.