This varietal name dates from the early Middle Ages, and not designate a type, but one population (family). This is an indication of origin, alleged to the King of the Franks Charlemagne (742-814) decreases. After the conquest of Gaul, the Franks there planted "noble" varieties have brought to Germany and later as "Frankish" means. The first explicitly mentioned varieties were Traminer (1349) Pinot Gris (1375) and Riesling (1435). Furthermore, among the varieties Elbling , Orléans (grape) and Silvaner to do so. Together with the Frankish heunischen varieties include the most important gene pool of many of today's European standard vines. In the Middle Ages, the Franconian varieties were commonly referred to as the "better" and heunischen (Hun) varieties as the "lesser" grape. The most important Franconian varieties were Traminer and Pinot Noir Represented by Mutation and natural hybrids of species with particular family Heunisch the starting point for many Pinots were. The close proximity of the Traminer and Heunisch Mixed Set in the vineyards of the Middle Ages, this development fostered by random Intersection of related species. Count Eberhard von Württemberg III. (1362-1417) in 1409 recommended that its farmers in the vineyard Heunisch half and half Frankish grow.
In the old sources are the numerous Franconian varieties with the name of "Frankish", "Franke", "frenkisch", "Fren (t) sh", "Francica" and called something like, although this frequently with the berry color or berries or . cluster size was added. Confusingly, different varieties are often referred to with the same name. It is but just before that one kind bears different names. The name was big for the Frankish Chasselas , But also for the Räuschling used. This term is in 1546 in "Kreütter book" of the famous German botanist Hieronymus Hieronymus Bock (1498-1554) cited. There is also mentioned under the green of the Frankish Silvaner meant. This was, however, Franks grape (also for Tauberschwarz and Räuschling) and Franks called. Old name for the Traminer and the varieties and Gewürztraminer Gewurztraminer were small Franconian, Rotfränkisch and white Franconian, but also French, Frenscher and the like. Under the Black Frankish grown primarily in Austria Blaufränkisch meant. Furthermore, there are noble or noble Franconian Franconian. This was the old variety Greenfinch known, although green compact also a synonym for the Sauvignon Blanc is. The variety grown in the Jura Savagnin Blanc Franke has the synonyms nobility, and White Frenschen Frentsch. Furthermore, it is mentioned in a source from the year 1661 a species of coarse Franconian (?). See also Ancient varieties and Vines classification .