The "Geisenheim Research Institute" in the city in Geisenheim Rheingau in the state of Hesse was established in 1872 by German banker Baron Eduard von Charge (1817-1904) and then founded the "Royal Prussian College for orchards and vineyards." The son of a wine merchant had bought with export, banking and weapons stores a considerable fortune, and sat down in 1861 in Geisenheim rest. He was there, a luxurious country estate in the classical style called "Monrepos" (Fr. "my retreat"), including extensive parks built near the bank of the Rhine, and devoted himself henceforth private interests, were among the most important fruit growing and the breeding of new varieties of fruit. The Prussian King Wilhelm I (1797-1888) and Chancellor Otto von Bismarck (1815-1898) he had several boxes of selected apples and pears sent along with the request, in Geisenheim a "pomological university" must establish that he was finally permitted.Informationen zu "Weingut der Forschungsanstalt Geisenheim" im Wein-Plus Weinführer
Part with funds from the reparations from the German-Prussian War of 1870/71 has acquired a site near the bank of the Rhine and building facilities built. The tasks of the institution were initially mainly in the fields of viticulture and pomology (the study of fruit growing), and the organization of studies in horticulture and viticulture. The first four directors were Oswin Huttig (1827-1889) 1872-1874, Christian Arndt (1831-1888) from 1874 to 1879, Rudolf Goethe, Rudolf (1843-1911) from 1879 to 1903, and Julius Julius Wortmann (1856-1925) until 1903 1921st The latter, founded in 1894, the first pure culture yeast station and worked intensively with plant pathology, plant physiology, Fermentation and Enology.
The breeding of new varieties is traditionally paid much attention. Even Dr. Hermann MÃ¼ller-Thurgau (1850-1927) worked at the Institute from 1867 to 1890, and laid here the foundation that bears his name to the grape variety. Later, Dr. Henry then Henry Birk (1898-1973) led the Rebzucht # and tried to institute an early-ripening Riesling. Dr. Helmut Helmut Becker (1927-1989) was director from 1964 to 1989 and has promoted the Rebzuchtstation especially the cultivation of many new varieties. The breeding objectives were income security, fungal resistance ( Botrytis , And downy mildew Mildew ), Good wood maturity and high wine quality. This included the new breeds Allegro , Arnsburger , Bolero , Ehrenbreitsteiner , Ehrenfelser , Dark Fields , Good Borner , Hibernal , MÃ¼ller-Thurgau , Osteiner , Primera , Principal , Reichensteiner , Rotberger , Saphira and SchÃ¶nburger . A special feature is that it Geisenheim hereditary mass of the Asian species Vitis amurensis used (see below Rondo ).
Today, by the Geisenheim Research application and basic research in the areas of viticulture, horticulture, enology and beverage research. Through a close link with the University of Rhein Main in addition to Geisenheim at five institutions with a total of 14 fields of approximately 1,000 students of viticulture and oenology, beverage, horticulture and landscape architecture by employees of the Research Institute in lectures and exercises care with. This is the only academic training in this area in the German area. There is also a collaboration with the well-known English Training Institute WSET (Wine & Spirit Education Trust). The goal is to implement innovative research for practice and to offer to enhance their competitiveness. See also BDO and Geisenheim Wine Event .
From the Research Institute Geisenheim, a commercial winery is run. The vineyards cover 20 hectares of vineyards in the Rheingau Individual layers Fuchsberg, Kitzberg, KlÃ¤userweg , Low walls and Rothenberg (Geisenheim), as well as path and Magdalene Church Cross (RÃ¼desheim). You must be over 80% with the white varieties Riesling, MÃ¼ller-Thurgau, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Chardonnay, Gewurztraminer and Sauvignon Blanc, as well as with the red varieties Pinot Noir, Early Burgundy, St. Laurent, Merlot, Zweigelt, planted Regent, Gamaret and Garanoir. The wines are marketed in the lines of wine by the glass, Monrepos and Rieslings. In terms of weather-appropriate age and ice wines are vinified. Are also produced flaschenvergorene sect, spirits (yeast, pulp, wine, fruit), liqueurs (walnut) and fruit juices. The winery is a member of VDP (Association of German VDP).