This varietal name comes from the early Middle Ages, and not designate a single species, but one population (family). At this realization, Dr. Ferdinand Ferdinand Regner in Klosterneuburg Viticulture Institute (W) as part of its extensive molecular genetics research activities through DNA played a decisive role. Together with the Franconian varieties are among the most important heunischen gene pool of many of today's European vines (see also under Frankish ). The name associated to the Huns, and that she was taken by them to Europe, but this is not guaranteed. However, there was much to suggest that it comes from outside of Europe. Over many centuries, the two terms "Heunisch" and "Frankish" the only wine or quality designations. The mystic Hildegard of Bingen (1098-1179) writes that "the Franconian wine and strong can boil the blood, and therefore must be mixed with water while it was the Huns and of nature from aqueous wine is not necessary." The attribute "Frankish" so called petits and "better" grapes, which were brought by the Franks from their homes in the Rheingau. And "Hun" möglichwerweise not the Asian ethnic group is to understand, but to note that "Heunisch" in Low German "huge or large" meant, and so the "lesser and großbeerigen" varieties were intended. Heunisch the main attribute high fertility, high vitality and vigor. It can be "historic as bulk carrier call. "
There are three varieties, as an independent force, but they are not directly related and have little in common. The main one is white Heunisch. Meanwhile, many synonymous are Absenger, wine berry farmer, farmers' grape, Belina, Belina Debela, Belina, who works, Bed sailor , Borzenauer, Bouillen, Bourgeois, Colle, Figuier, Foirard Blanc, Frankenthaler, Goix, Got, Gouais Blanc, Grauhünsch, Rough Sea Tock, coarse white (r), Grobheunisch, Gueche Blanc, Guinlan, Gwäss, hard Hinsch, Harthünsch, Heinisch, Heinsch, Hensch, Hentschler, Heunischtraube, Heunscher, Heunschler, Hinsch, Hinschen, Hintsch, Huns grape Hunsch, Hünsch, Huntsch, Hüntsch, Hynsch, ISSOL, long-stemmed champagne Laxiertraube, Mendic, Mouillet, Pendrillart Blanc, Plant de Sechex, Plant Madame President , Rough Riesling, Blanc Roussaou, Rudeca Belina, Sadoule Boey, Verdin Blanc, Vionnier, white grape farmer, Hein's White, White Hennische, White Castle and Egger Zöld Hajnos. Some of them are slightly different varieties (clones). The formerly widespread in France Gouais Blanc and grown in Switzerland Gwäss are identical clone. By the way, leads to the famous German botanist Hieronymus Hieronymus Bock (1498-1554) in his "Kreütter book" 1546 edition Heunisch several synonyms to.
The variety Yellow Heunisch (Belina, who works as well, Big Franks, white flour and Quadler) is a mutation of white Heunisch. The other two varieties are not directly related Heunisch Blue (also black Heunisch, Peterleinstraube, Piatha, Plant and Madame rosary) and Red Heunisch (even Rambo Lina Ranfler, Romans, Red Wippacher Hainer and Rother). These are already descendants, which probably originated by natural crossing among themselves or with other varieties. Furthermore, there is a clone called red-striped Heunisch (or tri-color Heunisch). From White Heunisch and Gouais Blanc in the sequence by crossing Pinot (Noir, Gris and Blanc), many Pinots created. Direct descendants of Heunisch are also Balzac Blanc , Blaufränkisch , Colombard , Elbling , Meslier Saint François , Austro-White , Riesling and Silvaner .
The leading grape significant for Austria Roter Veltliner has as ancestors the Heunisch. The historical Orléans (grape) (Yellow Arc) is not directly related to a variety Heunisch, although some have names that seem suspect. However, since Heunisch Orleans and were grown in mixtures often set, there is in this respect identical synonyms. An extraordinary discovery in 2003 caused a sensation in scientific circles. The two biologists Andreas Andreas Jung and Erika Dettweiler by the Research Institute Geilweilerhof (Siebeldingen-Palatinate) discovered in the communities Handschuhsheim, Dossenheim, Rohrbach and glues (Baden) to four historic 400 year old vines with a wealth of rare and extremely even some traditional varieties only in writing. Among them was the Leimen Won "horrors" of the White Heunisch. The winery Georg Breuer Georg in the Rheingau has planted varieties in small quantities.