Integrated Pest Management
Keyword: Integrated Pest Management
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Term for the systematic use and combination of several methods of integrated and controlled Plant Protection (KIP), which while giving priority to biological, cultural and technological culture and plant-breeding measures, the use of chemical agents in the form of Epo is limited to what is necessary. In order to limit the population to reach harmful insects, and the spread of weeds and vine diseases can be prevented (see Vine-enemies ). A change in thinking in this direction was from the 1960s, as revealed on the basis of the increased use of chemicals for crop protection and monoculture in some cases severe disturbances of the ecosystem. The pioneers were mainly Switzerland , As well as Germany , France and biodiversity means. This means that pests are not to be eradicated in principle - which always carries the danger of destroying unwanted and thus counterproductive useful creatures - but draw in their population so and to check that they remain below the damage threshold. The environment and to consider the necessary measures in the wine encompass weather conditions, promote the natural resistance of the vines, occurrence and life cycle of the animal pests, enabling (Naturally occurring enemies of pests), the alternate exposure of host plants, biotechnical methods (nets, fabrics shock, pheromone traps, Disrupter ), and so-called Defense of plants .
The use of chemical agents is only when all other methods have not been successful. Further restrictions on Fertilization , more restrictive use of the renunciation of chemical agents, targeted insertion of Greening and cellar technical measures will lead to more comprehensive integrated production concepts, and Organic Viticulture , the anthroposophists on the Rudolf Steiner goes back (1861-1925) .