Keyword: Lower Austria
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The vineyards in the province of Lower Austria filled according to Weingarten Survey 2009, a total 27 130 hectares (in 1999 it was 29 134 hectares). Lower Austria represents but also a production area that is divided geographically into eight other vineyards. Together with the State Burgenland making it Austria's largest wine growing region . Even before the soldiers of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius Probus Marcus Aurelius (232-282 AD), wine presses on the Danube , brought the original inhabitants of the so-called vinified Marcomanni wine. The wine was strongly influenced by the capital Vienna influenced. But just as it was the Klosterneuburg Abbey of St. Augustine (1114), as well as by the Benedictine founded two pins in GĂ¶ttweig Kremstal in 1072 and Melk in the Wachau region in 976th These were centers of spiritual and cultural life, and (to date) as strongholds such great and paramount wine culture.
The Abbot of Melk Alexander Charles Alexander (1824-1909) was the end of the 19th Century estates in the pen Baden (Austria) and Gumpoldskirchen with by American Base and rootstock planting grafted vines, in order to motivate this method over skeptical winemakers. Great influence was also present Dinstlgut in Loiben (Wachau), which dates to the 9th even Goes back centuries. The noble family of the Liechtenstein family was in the 13th Century founded. It acquired large wine-growing areas, and introduced advanced viticultural techniques. Thus, for example, in 1636 issued an order basement, was inter alia the "Zuberaithung of Schwebl" (sulfur) strictly regulated. The Vineyard Wine Cellars Prince of Liechtenstein Foundation , there are today. N is divided into eight wine regions, four of which were previously non typical wine profiles DAC (Districtus Austria Controllatus) defined. The 2009 survey revealed the following vineyard vines (in brackets the values â€‹â€‹of 1999):
* Carnuntum - 910 acres (842 ha)
* Kamp - 3802 hectares (3722 acres) with Kamptal DAC
* Kremstal - 2243 hectares (2,102 acres) - with Kremstal DAC
* Thermenregion - 2196 hectares (2,118 acres)
* Traisental - 789 acres (670 hectares) with Traisental DAC
* Wachau - 1,350 acres (1,326 hectares) with Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus
* Wagram to Jg 2006 Donauland - 2452 hectares (2,633 acres)
* Weinviertel - 13 356 ha (15 751 ha) with Weinviertel DAC
* Outside of the vineyards, wine regions - 31 acres = 16 GV, 2.5 Zweigelt, other residual
The wineries are listed under each of the eight wine regions. Renowned winemakers associations are: Falkensteiner Berggericht , Kamp Classic , Mail Mountain Valley , premium wineries wine district , Spa wine , TraditionsweingĂĽter Austria , Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus , Vinovative , Wagramer selection , Retzerland Wineries and Wineries Wagram . Lower Austria provides over 60% of Austria's wine production. There is a wide variety of wine due to different climatic conditions (Atlantic, Continental) and soil types (gravel, sand, loess, clay and bedrock). By far the largest wine growing region Weinviertel comprises more than half of the vineyard and is therefore divided into three major areas (see below). Lower Austria is a classic white wine country, about three-quarters of the wine produced accounts for it.
The following is based on the Blend in 2009 carried out in Austria vineyard survey. Compared to the last survey in 1999, resulting in some significant changes. The proportion of red varieties has increased from 21% to 26% of the long established Austrian trend is therefore also in the white wine of Lower Austria to bear. The Chardonnay (Morillon) and Pinot Blanc 1999 were not recorded together. For some varieties, there were enormous changes (see table). The total vineyard area decreased by 7% from 29 134 hectares to 27 128 hectares. The dominant grape variety GrĂĽner Veltliner is still:
Variety - Austrian
in Austria, officially permitted
Green Veltliner WeiĂźgipfler white 11 873 43.8 14 801 Zweigelt Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger red 3328 12.3 2135 Blue Portugal - red 1593 5.9 2304 White Riesling Riesling , Rhine Riesling white 1538 5.7 1326 MĂĽller-Thurgau Rivaner white 1392 5.1 2133 Welschriesling - white 1346 5.0 1682 White Burgundy Pinot Blanc , Klevner , White Burgundy white 867 3.2 ? Blue Burger - red 701 2.6 687 Mixed Set - white 593 2.2 868 Chardonnay Morillon - Not used in NE white 460 1.7 ? Neuburger - white 424 1.6 632 Early Roter Veltliner Malmsey white 396 1.5 559 St. Laurent - red 348 1.3 218 Pinot Noir Pinot Noir , Blue SpĂ¤tb. Red, pink. red 271 1.0 210 Muscatel Muscat, Red M. white 232 0.9 42 Merlot - red 223 0.8 62 Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner white 205 0.8 73 Cabernet Sauvignon - red 204 0.8 107 Roter Veltliner - white 192 0.7 253 BlaufrĂ¤nkisch - red 149 0.5 125 Rotgipfler - white 104 0.4 113 Muscat Ottonel - white 89 0.3 90 Traminer Gewurztraminer, T. Red, T. Yellow white 87 0.3 98 Zierfandler SpĂ¤trot white 84 0.3 96 Roesler - red 84 0.3 0 Scheurebe Seedling 88 white 49 0.2 60 Pinot Gris Pinot Gris , Pinot Grigio white 40 0.1 45 Silvaner GrĂĽner Sylvaner white 28 0.1 34 Bouvier - white 26 0.1 0 Goldburger - white 24 0.1 45 Syrah Shiraz red 24 0.1 0 Mixed Set - red 24 0.1 295 Cabernet Franc - red 22 0.1 8 Rathay - red 9 - 0 JubilĂ¤umsrebe - white 4 - 0 Blue Wildbacher - red A - 0 And. white varieties - white 87 0.3 34 And. red varieties - red 6 - A WHITE VARIETIES 20 141 74.2 22 983 RED VARIETIES 6987 25.8 6151 TOTAL 27 128 100 29 134