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 Luxemburg

Luxembourg

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Statistics
Klassifiz. Producer: 1
Wines tasted: 154

The viticultural history of this country is linked with that of the Moselle, this river is over a length of 36 kilometers of the border with Germany . East on the other side is the German region Moselle . Throughout the area the Romans introduced already in the 1st Century BC, the wine one. In the Middle Ages through the establishment of many monasteries were used to boost the wine industry. By an extremely cold winter of 1709 the vineyards were destroyed almost completely. Once adopted at the Congress of Vienna in 1815 had to cede the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg all the vineyards on the other side of the river. As of 1880 there was a big boost by a customs agreement. The strain from the Elbling (then 90% share) Luxembourg vinified wines were mostly exported as a base wine for sparkling wine, or as a blending wine to Germany. This was but then after the First World War to an end.

In 2007, the 1,300 hectares of vineyards in Luxembourg, of the 142 000 hectoliters of wine were produced. The Luxembourg vineyards stretch divided into 100 layers in a width of 300 to 400 meters over 40 kilometers along the banks of the Moselle from Schengen to cheap water. They are located in the eastern cantons Remich (with the main communities Remich, and Schengen Wintrange) limestone soils on alluvial soils and with predominantly Grevenmacher. The climate, the vineyards are located on the northern edge of the European wine industry. The limestone soils are excellent especially suited for the Pinot varieties. It clearly dominates with around 50% of the Müller-Thurgau (Rivaner here) and with 25% Elbling (Räifrench here). The other varieties are Auxerrois, Riesling, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris and Pinot Noir. The cold temperatures lead to longer aging times, and fluctuating income. The high income limits at 140 hl / ha for Rivaner and Elbling, and 120 hl / ha for the other varieties. The acid-stressed Elbling is mainly made into sparkling wine or sparkling wines.

It is the comprehensive appellation designation 'Moselle Luxembourgeoise "and according to the Champagne method sparkling wines produced" Crémant de Luxembourg ". In 1935 the 'Marque Nationale des Vins Luxembourgeois "was introduced. The words "Marque Nationale - Appellation Contrôlée" guarantees state control over provenance and quality of a wine. There is no authorization for it based on a review Analytical and sensory after a 20-point system for at least 12 points. With 14 points, achieved a wine category, "Vin classé", with 16 points, "Premier Cru" and with 18 points, "Grand Premier Cru." Oechsle degrees based on the criteria for "Vendange Tardive" (late harvest), "Vin de glace" (ice wine) and "Vin de Paille" (straw wine) were determined 2,001th In the "Vins barrels" are mostly wines from Chardonnay. Mainly varietal white wines are mostly produced, the grape is noted next to wine-growing community and usually also the situation on the label.

In just 20 years the number of producers has fallen from 1,200 to less than 500 because many small estates have sold their land. "Vinsmoselle" is an alliance of six winegrowers' grapes with 450 suppliers and 62% share of production. In 1966 in the independent "organization professionnelle des Vignerons Independants (OPVI)" organized 52 wineries produce 22%. With the 2007 vintage was founded by seven winemakers from this group, the "Charter". The members are committed to production of natural wine with strict rules such as waiving of enrichment, organic fertilizer and a maximum of 60 hl / ha yield. The production in 1928 in the "Federation of Producers Négociants" organized wineries and trading houses of the rest-known producers are Mathis Bastian, Claude Bentz, René Bentz, Bernard-Massard, Caves Gales, Alice Hartmann, Jean Ley-Schartz, Caves St-Remy- Desom, Clos des Rochers, Clos Mon Vieux Moulin, Château de Schengen, Aly Duhr et Fils, Pundel-Hoffeld, Pundel-Sibenaler, Henri Ruppert, Krier Frères Legill Paul, Jean Schlink-Hoffeld, Schmit-Fohl, Schram & Fils Schumacher-Knepper , Schumacher - Lethal & Fils, Steinmetz Jungers, Stronck-Pinnel, Sunnen-Hoffmann and Thill.
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