Translations into other languages are available for subscribers only.
The red grape originated in France. The name is from the French word for Blackbird (Merle) derived because these birds nibbling the berries very much. Synonyms include Alicante Noir BĂ©gney, Bigney, Bordo, Crabutet, MĂ©doc Noir, Petite Merle, Merlau, Merlaut, Merlo, Merlot Noir, Merlott, Odzalesi, Petit Merle, Plant MĂ©doc, Saint Macaire, Seme de la Canau, Seme dou avgas, SĂ©millon Rouge and Vitraille. It is a very old variety, since the first mention of the name Crabutet Noir is said to already in the 14th Century. Under the name Merlau Merlot or she was the first time in 1784 in Libournais documentary mentioned and counted at the time of the main Bordeaux varieties. In the Italian region Veneto, Italy, the species was mentioned in 1855 under the synonym Bordo. The first complete description was made by Victor Rendu, 1857 in his book "ampelography FranĂ§aise".
By the year 2009 brought DNA was found to have a highly probable natural hybrid between the almost extinct Magdeleine Noire des Charentes x Cabernet Franc is. Since CarmenĂ¨re and Merlotreben very similar in appearance, were mixed planted vines imported from France overseas in the vineyard very often. For this reason, it was the variety in Chile CarmenĂ¨re falsely long time for a variety of Merlot. In fact, they are only used for Cabernet Franc was the father in both places. The varieties Merlot gris, Merlot Rosa were discovered early 1980s in Brazil. The hellbeerige Merlot Blanc originated from a natural crossroads Merlot x Folle Blanche.
Merelot is a popular cultivar and was a partner at the intersection of new varieties Arinarnoa , Artzebat , Bruni 452 , Carmine , Cosmo Italo , Ederena , Erilon , Fertilia , Laurot , Malverina , Mamaia , Medina , Mendeleum , Mendioberena , Negru de Yaloven , Nigra , Plamennyi , Prodest , Rebo , Rigotti and Yama Merlot . Previously it was also for the growth of Base and rootstock used. She is due to the thin-skinned berries fĂ¤uleanfĂ¤llig and sensitive to downy Mildew . The early-ripening variety performs fruity, full bodied and full-bodied wines that are ready to eat after a few years. You will often be the optimal addition of Cabernet Sauvignon used as a mild factor. The "big brother" to them has less Tannins and acid.
It is available in France and in Bordeaux, the most common variety. In the areas of Graves , Saint-Ă‰milion and Pomerol, it is the main part of the great red wines in the area and Medoc Partners in the so-called Bordeaux blend . In the area of â€‹â€‹the famous red wines from Pomerol, the two wineries ChĂ˘teau PĂ©trus and Chateau Le Pin nearly sorted pressed, to the best and most expensive wines in the world are. The Merlotrebe occurs worldwide and is 260,000 acres in the absolute top box (2005). In Italy, it occupies 24,000 hectares. From the 1990s it became popular overseas in Australia, South Africa, South America (especially Argentina) and New Zealand, in California, it already occupies 14,000 hectares. In 2009 she was represented in Germany on a total of 469 hectares, and in Austria with a strong upward trend to 649 acres. In Switzerland it is over 1,000 acres on the fourth.