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 Moldawien

Moldawien

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Klassifiz. Producer: 15
Wines tasted: 27

The present state was established in 1991 by the collapse of the USSR. Its geographical roots lie in the historical landscape of Bessarabia (see there the history). Numerous archeological finds such as amphora and grape seeds has shown that here for over 5,000 years ago wine was operated. In the north, east and south is the state of the Ukraine enclosed. In the west it borders on Romania , to feel its influence through the long history in the wine is. By the Prince of Moldavia in the Middle Ages has its own wine culture was founded. This broke the early 16th Century under the 300-year Ottoman rule and the associated Alcohol ban together again.

After the Russo-Turkish War he was reactivated from the year 1812. In the second half of the 19th Century introduced many French varietals. The vineyard suffered but then towards the end of this century by the phylloxera recently heaviest losses. After a short rest was destroyed by two world wars most of the vineyards and wineries. The reconstruction began in the 1950s. Within ten years, 150,000 hectares were planted, the stock rose more than 200,000 hectares. In the USSR, Moldova developed with about a quarter of production for the largest wine producers. In the 1980s, but were under Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev, particularly in the north again cleared many vineyards.

Moldova is very proud of his ancient winemaking tradition, of which many legends and Anekdokten testify and tell. Among the most famous stories include those of the stork: Once again there was a Turkish invasion, the enemy laid siege to a fortress at Grodieshti. The brave defenders were out of water supplies and food, as well as the strength of the combatants was running low. Appeared suddenly, hundreds of storks in the sky that drifted with the winds and strong wings beating the enemy to the ground. The stork dropped down bunch of grapes from their beaks to the defenders. The warriors were thus saved from thirst and hunger. With new strength to successfully defend the domestic fortress, and had to pull off the Turkish enemy. Since that time, the stork is regarded as a symbol of happiness and satisfaction. The Stork with grapes symbolizes the Moldovan wine and the wine growers' association in the logo is included (source: WIKIPEDIA).

In 2007, there were 150,000 hectares of the vineyard, from 1.285 million hectoliters of wine were produced. Viticulture is an eminent economic importance. Wine products, fruit and vegetables are the main export item. About 70% of European standard varieties are cultivated. Two thirds of white wine varieties are produced. The most important of which include Aligote, Chardonnay, Feteasca Alba, Feteasca Regala, Gewürztraminer, Müller-Thurgau, Muscat Ottonel, Pinot Gris, Plavay, Riesling, and Sauvignon Blanc Rkatsiteli. The main red varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon, Feteasca Neagra, Malbec, Merlot, Pinot Noir, and Saperavi Sereksia (Babeasca Neagra). Especially for Moldovan climate and soil conditions are cultivated varieties Doina , Golubok , Luminitsa , Negru de Yaloven , Plamennyi , Sukholimanskii and Viorika . Furthermore, Americans are still grapes like Concord and Isabella and table grape varieties cultivated.

The geographic and climatic conditions are very favorable for viticulture. Moldova is located on the same latitude as the French Burgundy. It has a continental climate with high solar radiation. In 1954 a professor PI Ivanov after extensive studies Moldova has divided into four zones with different agro-cultural climate. In the northern region of Balti are produced mainly for the production of white grape brandy, fortified wines and table wines. The region lies at the heart of the capital Chisinau Codru is surrounded by wooded mountains. Here there are 60% ​​of the vineyards and the most famous wineries such as the former Zarengut Romanesti . In the famous 65-kilometer underground cellars of the town of Cricova stored in the same winery produced sparkling wines and an extensive collection of historic wine. In this region, among other excellent wines are vinified. The region lies to the south Cahul is particularly suitable for red wines and sweet wines. In the southeast of the country lies along the western bank of the fourth region Nister Purcari (also Nistreana). She is known for its red wines capable of aging in the Bordeaux style, such as the same name of the winery produced "Negru de Purcari". Towards the end of the 19th Century were also delivered Purcari wines at the English court.

Unlike the other former USSR countries, the proportion of dry or semi-dry wines developed is relatively high, but there is also the traditional sweet dessert wines. A two hundred year old tradition of the famous port wine similar Kagor . Nearly two-thirds of production comes from cooperative wineries. Well-known producers in Moldova, for example Acorex, flavor, Branesti, Château Vartel, Ciumai, Comrat, Cricova , Dionysus Mereni, Milestii Mici, Purcari, Romanesti , Taraclia and Trifesti. About 90% of wine production is exported, with about 80% for the most part to Russia . In March 2006, the Russian government an import ban on Moldovan and Georgia wine products in force. The ban took place after the official version, for alleged violations of health regulations (excessive pollution). The embargo was lifted in November 2007. The high export share of 80% to Russia, however, been permanently reduced greatly.
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