Keyword: Organic Viticulture
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Form or amount of special methods of viticulture, the protection of Ecology with detailed rules for the vineyard and cellar for the production of Organic wine . Until then, winemakers were able to label only on the "wine made from organic grapes" here, because there was no production rules.
The term ecological Sustainability one sees a way of life, the natural resources claimed only to the extent that they can regenerate themselves and thereby prevent exploitation of nature to operate. With regard to the important conservation of biodiversity in the context, the term Biodiversity emerged. Among the many world institutions with similar objectives mentioned AGĂ–L , Bio Austria , Bioveritas , ECOCERT , DEMETER , ECOVIN , natural land and . The VDP (Association of German VDP) requires its members before also ecologically oriented wine. A unifying trial in Germany and Austria is the Biosiegel . The IFOAM is an umbrella organization with 750 organizations in over 100 countries for organic farming. A special case under consideration "cosmic influences" is the Biodynamic viticulture That the anthroposophists Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) is declining. The proponents of the special effects are convincing, but the methods are not without controversy.
The ecological / organic viticulture are almost exclusively natural methods for controlling harmful insects, Weed and Mushrooms applied, which means Integrated Pest Management . To chemical Biocides is largely avoided if possible. Be as an alternative Defense of plants with resistance-enhancing effect used against pests or insect pests that Disrupter with use of Pheromones applied. A fertilization with artificial fertilizers and plant food is largely avoided (vegetal) the animal manure (animal-) preferred. Place in the line between the vines a Greening with Legumes , Which are nitrogen-rich plants such as clover, legumes and others. These cuts are, they can rot and then plowing the ground. The fermentation is possible, by Weinberg's natural Yeasts in the form of a so-called Spontaneous fermentation carried out. The use of Sulfur dioxide as low as possible. In addition, increasingly PIWI (Fungus-resistant varieties) are preferred, because this use vun polluting Fungicides can be greatly eingeschĂ¤nkt.
But there is no definitive and uniform for all associations or just standardized guidelines, there's a lot of experimenting. With rigorous application of the yield may be relatively low. There are of course not necessarily expect top-quality wines. But that a wine produced under organic conditions can be top quality, show the famous wineries ChĂ˘teau de Beaucastel and ChĂ˘teau Rayas in the RhĂ´ne wine region and ChĂ˘teau La Roche-aux-Moines vineyard in the Loire region with the famous cult white wine CoulĂ©e de Serrant . The French actor Gerard Depardieu is in Anjou at his Chateau de TignĂ© also a consistent advocate of this method. In California, for example, include Fetzer and Mondavi the pioneers. See more wineries Biodynamic viticulture .