The red variety is probably from Croatia / Dalmatia and was named the 17th Century by Benedictine Due to their early maturity (lat. = primativus Erstreifende). From there it has probably the way to Italy under the name Blue Scheuchner of Austria to Germany found. Since it was first detected near the mountain town of Gioia was, it is also called Primitivo di Gioia. Other synonyms include Blue Scheuchner , Morellone, Plavac Veliki, Primaticcio, Primativo, Primitivo di Gioia, Primitivo, Nero and Uva Uva delle pergola Corato Tues. This variety provides deep, dark, spicy and rich red wine and alcohol is often used as a blending partner. It is mainly cultivated in the southern Italian region of Apulia, where they are in the DOC red wines Gioia del Colle and Primitivo di Manduria is approved.
According to Dr. Carole Carole Meredith carried out DNA in 2001 at the University of California (Davis) is in close cooperation with Croatian vine-specialists, the Italian Primitivo genetically almost identical to the California variety Zinfandel , as well as the ancient Croatian variety Crljenac Kastelanski .