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Klassifiz. Producer: 2
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Romania has a population of 6,000 years of wine history of the oldest wine-producing countries of Europe. The Greek poet Homer mentioned in the 8th century in his Iliad Thracian wine and the historian Herodotus (482-425 v. Chr.) Tells of the wine trade of Greek colonists on the Black Sea coast. German settlers from Saxony lively in the 12th century the wine in Transylvania and in the 18th century, these were the of Maria Theresa (1717-1780) into the country fetched Schwaben. The historic landscape Bessarabia , where there is also for 5,000 years viticulture, was inhabited early 19th century mainly by Romanians. This today to Moldova scoring area belonged in the period 1917-1940 to Romania.

In the 1960s, many new vineyards were created. In the communist era, production was naturally in state hands. The political upheaval continued from 1990 a wave of privatization with many small owners a. The leading production companies have joined forces in a private export sales company. The vineyards in 2012 comprised 192,000 hectares with a decreasing trend (in 2000 it was 253,000 hectares). Of this 3.311 million hectoliters of wine were produced (see also under Wine production quantities ). Around three quarters accounted for whites, a quarter on reds. Romania also has a significant production of grape Table ; the main varieties used for this purpose are AFUS Ali , Chasselas , Muscat of Hamburg , Italia and Victoria . The Grape in 2010:
grape color Synonyms or Romanian Name hectare
Fetească Albă w Dievcie hrozno 12,916
Fetească Regala r Danasana 12,905
Merlot r - 10,988
Welschriesling w Graševina, Italian Riesling 7,530
Aligoté w - 7,297
Sauvignon Blanc w - 4,157
Cabernet Sauvignon r - 3,718
Muscat Ottonel w Tamîioasa Ottonel 3,641
băbească neagră r Rara Neagră 3,042
Pamid r Roşioar 2,930
Fetească neagră r Coada Răndunicii 1,719
Pinot Gris w - 1,301
Pinot Noir r - 1,089
Chardonnay w - 1,067
Muscat Blanc / Muscatel w Tamîioasa Romaneasca 840
Gamay r Burgundy Mare 760
Grasa de Cotnari w Grasa, grasa Mare 640
Frâncuşă w Frâncuşe, Frîncuşă 621
Cramposie w Cramposie Selectionata, Crimposie S. 409
Galbena de Odobesti w - 385
Gewürztraminer / Traminer w Rusa, Traminer Roz 385
Rkatsiteli w - 356
Babeasca Gri w Babeasca Gris 328
Busuioaca de Bohotin w Busuioaca Neagra, Tamaioasa de Bohotin 268
Mustoasă de Maderat w - 255
Plavay (-?. Ev Plavec Žuti ) w - 149
Zghihară de Husi w Sghigardă Galbena, Zghihară Galbena 87
Slankamenka w Majarca Alba 55
Kadarka r Cadarca, Cadarca Neagra 47
Neuburger w - 46
Novac r - 42
Slankamenka r Majarca Rosie 27
Codana r - 24
Columna w - 24
Hárslevelü w - 20
Negru de Drăgăşani r - 6
Bagrina w Braghinâ, Braghină de Drăgăşani ?

What Hungary the famous Tokay , is quite similar type of wine for Romania Cotnari . This famous wine became somewhat forgotten, now it is resurrected. Romania is on the same geographical latitude as France. The continental climate with balanced rainfall, warm summers and long, dry autumn makes it ideal for viticulture. The regions and wine fields:

Banat: The region is located in the southwest of the country on the border with Serbia and Hungary . The wine-growing areas are Buzias-Silagiu, Dealul-Tirolului, Minis (known for its red wines from Cadarca and Cabernet Sauvignon), Moldova Noua, Recas, Severinului and Teremia-Mare (known for its white wines from Riesling).

Crisana and Maramures: The two regions are in the northwest on the border with Hungary . The wine-growing areas are Diosig, Simleul-Silvaniei and Valea lui Mihai.

Dobrogea (Dobruja): The region is located in the southeast on the Black Sea and the west by the Danube (Dunarea) limited. The wine-growing regions are Istria-Babadag, Murfatlar , Ostrov and Sarica-Niculitel. In the sunniest climate in Romania with low rainfall here grow gentle reds and luscious white wines.

Moldova (Moldova): The biggest one-third of the vineyard area is located east of the Carpathians in the east of the country on the border with Moldova and Ukraine . The wine-growing areas are Bujor, Cotesti, Cotnari , Covurlui, Dealul Bujorului, Husi , Iasi, Ivesti, Nicoresti, Odobesti , Panciu (known for its sparkling wines), and Tutova Zeletin.

Muntenia (Muntenia): The region with the capital Bucharest is located in the south in the Southern Carpathians. The vineyards are Dealurile Buzaului, Dealul Mare, Pietroasele, Samburesti and Stefanesti . There is the highest average temperatures in Romania. The hill country is now known primarily for its red wines from international varieties. To USSR times these were expanded preferably sweet.

Oltenia (Oltenia): The region is located in the southwest of the country. The wine-growing areas are Corcova, Crusetu, Dealurile-Craiovei, Drăgăşani , Drincea, Plaiurile-Drincei, Sadova-Corabia, Segarcea and Targu-Jiu. Here excellent reds from fetească neagră and Cabernet Sauvignon are produced. The German winery Deer Kendermann acquired in 2001 is 350 hectares and founded "Carl Reh Winery".

Transilvania (Transylvania): The region in the center is known for its white wines. Here many original varieties were introduced by German immigrants. The wine-growing areas Alba Iulia , Bistrita-Nasaud, Lechinta, Sebes-Apold and Tarnave .

Wine Categories: In August 2009, the EU wine market organization was valid with fundamental changes to the wine designations and grades for all member countries. The following new terms or quality levels (see also detailed under Quality System ):

* Vin (formerly Vino de Masa or table wine ) = Wine
* IG = Vin de Regiune or Wine Country
* DOC = Vin de calitate or Quality wine
* = DOCC mutatis mutandis Prädikatswein

IG = indicatie geografică or Vin de Regiune: The actual alcoholic strength must be at least 9.5% (at Growing zone amounted to B) or 10.0% vol (wine-growing zone CI and CII). The total alcoholic strength must not exceed 15% vol. There are around 50 Landwein regions whose names are mostly identical to the political district or region.

DOC = Denumire de Origine Controlată: quality wines produced in specified regions controlled Origin . Prescribed Quality wine grape varieties . The potential alcoholic strength must be at least 11.5%, the available amount at least 10% vol.

DOCC = Denumire de Origine Controlată si Trepte de calitate: This reflects the spirit of a quality wine. There are per type minimum must weights prescribed. The codes refer to maturity or share botrytised grapes; the second "C" refers to "Cules" (Vintage):

* CMD (Cules la Maturitate Deplină) = Cabinet
* CT (Cules Târziu) = Late vintage
* CS (Cules Selectionat) = Selection
* CMI (Cules la Maturitate de Innobilare) = Beerenauslese
* CIB (Cules la Înnobilarea Boabelor) = Trockenbeerenauslese

Special wine names / types
* Vin cu Spumante Denumire de Origine Controlată = Sparkling wine with Ursprungsbez.
* Rezervă = Reserve (maturation for. 6 months in oak barrels and 6 in bottle)
* Vin de Vinoteca (maturation for. 1 year oak barrels and 4 months in bottle)
* Vin tanár = New wine (marketing by the end of reading year)
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