In addition to the four described in detail below, there are individual situations that name in Germany and in the wine-growing villages Layen Castle (near) and Gau-Algesheim (Rheinhessen). The name is derived either from the reddish soil and the soil type of Permian or "clearing mountain" (deforested mountain) from.
Community Geisenheim in the growing region Rheingau : The stone cross was at the head of the vineyard in 1808 from Imperial Count Friedrich von Ingelheim built and bears the inscription: According to old legends once the wind blew a mill, where are these vines. This suggests that here once stood a windmill. The south-facing vineyards at 100 to 130 meters above sea level of up to 40% slope comprise 20 hectares of vineyards. The soils consist of weathered stone with slate grobbÃ¶digem documents on Taunusquartzite and are oxidized by the tone (iron oxide) pass. They have good Water storage capacity . It is cultivated mainly Riesling. Shares have, for example, the wineries ErbslÃ¶h , Councillor J. Wegeler heirs , Geisenheim and Schloss SchÃ¶nborn .
Langenslonsheim community located in the area Near : The south-facing vineyards in 160 to 220 meters above sea level with 20 to 45% slope comprise approximately 11 hectares of vineyards. The easily heatable soils consist of reddish rock weathering of volcanic origin (Permian), sandy loam and loamy sand over sandstone. They are protected in the east and west through the forest for the Langenlonsheimer winds. Here we mainly cultivated Riesling. For example, the shares have wineries Mayor Willi Schweinhardt refilling , Count-Binzel and Martin Tesch .
Community Nackenheim (Nierstein area) in the region Rheinhessen : The position is part of the so-called "red slope" within the Rhine front . The aligned east to southeast and the northern boundary to the northeast and vineyards in 50 to 150 meters above sea level with 10 to 80% slope comprise 16 hectares of vineyards. In the current core as the best part is the steepest vineyard in the Red slope. Before land consolidation in 1971, these were the documents fennel and mountain Rothenberg. The floors are made of weathered red shale (Rotliegendes), with occasional sandstone and stony-slaty ingredients. Especially here, the two varieties are cultivated Riesling and Sylvaner. A Riesling SpÃ¤tlese 1920 plays out of the situation in the play " The Merry Vineyard "The writer who was born in Nackenheim Zuckmayer an important role. For example, the shares have wineries Heyl to Herrnsheim , Gunderloch , KÃ¼hling-Gillot and State Viticulture domain Oppenheim .
Rauenthal community located in the area Rheingau : The location was first mentioned in 1211. The name derives from the red-purple phyllite slate. The aligned south to southwest vineyards in 120 to 150 meters above sea level with 20 to 60% slope comprise 21 hectares of vineyards. The floors consist of phyllite slate with low stone content and fine soil with LÃ¶ssauflage. Here mainly the Riesling is cultivated. Shares in a position to have such wineries Georg Breuer , Diefenhardt'sches winery , August Eser and Baron Langwerth of simmering .