Translations into other languages are available for subscribers only.
The red grape variety originally from Italy. It is of ancient origin and was probably an ancestor of the Etruscan known. The name means "blood of Jupiter" and refers to the time of the Romans. The name is of Latin origin (Sanguis Giove) and means "blood of Jupiter". Until the 19 Century was also the name Sangioveto or San Gioveto common. The vine is common, especially in central Italy. There are numerous clones or Varieties which differ in the resulting wines vinified well. Once a rough classification was performed according to berry size in the two families Sangiovese Grosso (Brunello, Prugnolo Gentile and Sangiovese di Greve) and Sangiovese Piccolo (Chianti). But this will now no longer considered correct. It seems a lot more to be the case that resulted from the adaptation ability of the branch in various soils of different flavors. End of the 1990s was begun to select the best varieties.
In the year 2004 by the Swiss biologist Dr. Jose F. Vouillamoz Jose and his Italian colleague, Dr. Stella Grando, Institute of San Michele all'Adige conducted DNA found that the strain by spontaneous crossing Ciliegiolo x Calabrese di Monte Nuovo was born. Overall, while some 200 local varieties of Calabria, Campania and Tuscany were analyzed. The high prevalence of age and especially in Italy, Sangiovese witness the numerous synonyms to name some of the different varieties. These are, for example, Brunello, Calabrese, Cardisco, Cordisio, Ingannacane, Maglioppa, Morellino, Morellino di Scansano, Morellone, Negretta Nerino, Nielluccio, Pigniuolo Rosso, Pignolo, Pignolo Rosso, Primaticcio, Prugnolo Gentile, Gentile di Montepulciano Prugnolo, Prugnolo di Montepulciano, Riminese, Sangiovese dal Cannello Lungo, Dolce Sangiovese, Sangiovese Gentile, Sangiovese Grosso, Sangiovese di Greve, Sangioveso Montagnolo, Nostrano Sangiovese, Sangiovese di Romagna, Sangiovese Toscano, Sangiovese del Verrucchaio, Sangineto, Sangioveto, San Gioveto, Sangioveto Grosso , San Roveto, Tignolo, Tipsa, Toustain, Uva and Abbruzzi Uvetta.
One characteristic of the variety is the slow and late maturity. It provides more vivid, high alcohol wines with pronounced acidity and tannins and aging potential. Under various names, it is the basis for many Italian wines. These are Brunello for the DOCG Brunello di Montalcino , Morellino, Nielluccio (Island of Corsica ), Prugnolo Gentile DOCG for the Vino Nobile di Montepulciano , Sangiovese di Greve (Chianti) and Sangiovese di Romagna for the same DOC red wine. Furthermore, the Sangiovese main venues for the DOCG wines, Chianti , Chianti Classico , Carmignano and Morellino di Scansano (Tuscany), and Torgiano Rosso Riserva (Umbria).
Sangiovese is also used for many Super-Tuscans (Such as the Tignanello ) and for DOC wines Rosso Conero and Rosso Piceno, (Marks) are used and cultivated in the regions of Campania, Lazio and Lombardy. In southern Italy, it is mostly used in blends with local grapes such as Canaiolo and Mammolo. In Italy, it occupies 85,000 hectares and is there with about 10% of the total vineyard area, the most commonly planted variety. The Sangiovese is also grown in California, Argentina, Australia and Israel. The worldwide stock of around 96,000 hectares. The grade crossing was a partner in the new varieties Bruni 147 , Bruni, 60 and some of Giovanni Dalmasso .