The white variety is among the oldest cultivated vine. In Austria and Switzerland is the spelling of Sylvaner ("y"), in Germany, the official name Sylvaner (with "i"). As with the related species Savagnin Blanc (Traminer variety) and Sauvignon Blanc , the name "Silvaner or Salviner" with the Latin word "Silva" (Eng. "Grove") and "saevum" (wild) from an origin and associated Wild Vines Clematis or derived. While the French name probably refer simply to the Duchy of Savoy, the Austrian name from the historical varieties Silvaner complex Zierfahndler / Szirifandl derived. This heterogeneous group of varieties of white, red and blue grapes that was formative for the Lower Austrian-Hungarian North-Moravian wine region. The Roman author Pliny (23-79) writes about a grape called apianische Fiano Which has been associated with the Sylvaner in combination. Whether the name is really Silvaner Latin-Roman origin, but is doubtful.
There are many synonyms , some even in different varieties and mutation point. These are Arvine , Arvine Grande, Augustine White, Beregi Szilvani, Bötzinger, Cilifantli, Clozier, Cynifadl Zeleny, Cynifal, flying grape, Franken Riesling , Franc grape, Füszeres Szilvani, Gamay Blanc, Gentil Vert, Gros Plant du Rhin, Gros Rhin Great Riesling , Green Noble, Green Franconian, Sylvaner, green Sylvaner, Häusler, Johannisberg, Mishka, Momavaka, Monterey Riesling, Moravka, Movavka, Mushka, Mushza, Musza, Nemetskii Rizling, Austrian, Austrians, Pepltraube, Picardon Blanc, Picardou Blanc, Plant du Rhin , Raisin d'Autriche, Rhin, round leaf, Salfin, Salfine Bely, Salvaner, Salvener, Salviner, Scharvaner, Scherwaner, Schönfeilner, Schwäbler, Schwübler, Sedmogradska Zelena, Selenzhiz, Selivan, Silvanai Zeleni, Silvania, Silvanske Zelene, Sonoma Riesling, Sylvaner , Sylvaner Verde, Sylvan Zeleny, Szilvani Feher, Szirifandl, Tschafahnler, Yesil Silvaner, Zelena Sedmogradka, Zelencic, Zeleny, Zierfahndler , Zierfandl, Green Zierfandler, Zierifandel, Zinifal, Zöld Szilvani and Zöldsilvani.
After DNA in the 1990s is probably one of the Silvaner spontaneous (natural) cross between the varieties Austro-White . That the Sylvaner from Austria and not, as is also often suggested, comes from Transylvania, is supported by the German synonyms "Austrian" or "Green Zierfahndler". The term "Austrian" is commonly used today in Franconia. The name "Franken Riesling" and "Austrians" were in use for the Grüner Veltliner, which was built in Franconia and Wurtemberg. These varieties are likely to cross the Danube as many other Franconian varieties from Moravia and the historical Kingdom of Hungary to Franconia and Alsace have arrived.
Presumably, the Silvaner documentary evidence already around 1546 as a "green Fränckisch" in Alsace there. Because this year he is under that name by the German botanist Hieronymus Hieronymus Bock (1498-1554) in his "Kreütter book" mentioned. Under the name "Austrian" the vine was planted in 1659 on Main. A shrine in a position to Würzburg Stone (single location, Germany) states that in 1665 the Abbot Alberic sword of the Order of Cistercian introduced in Ebrach in the Frankish Steigerwald Silvaner vine and planted. 1667 were "green Franconian" and "Naked" (Austrian white) mentioned in Saxony. The Silvaner was also represented in the Swiss Valais, where he and the Arvine was grown earlier and therefore suspect a relationship to these species.
The mid-late ripening grape is susceptible to frosts and susceptible to botrytis . The pale yellow wine has a mild and rather neutral, earthy bouquet reminiscent of gooseberries. Until the early 1990s it was in Germany before the Riesling is the most common variety. In 2009 she won but only 5187 hectares. In Franconia region is one of the classic varieties for the buck bag . In Austria, it has 43 acres (much of Styria and Lower Austria) only little importance. The worldwide stock in 2000 was 12,000 hectares with a decreasing trend.
In addition to the Green Silvaner there red and blue to blue colors, as Red Silvaner or Blue Silvaner be called the Green Silvaner and genetically indistinguishable. A mutation of the Green Silvaner is the kind of senator . Silvaner is also a very popular crossing partner in New breed . He was as involved with the varieties Albalonga , Bacchus , Breidecker , Cantaro (1), Diana (1), Ehrenfelser , Forta , Freisamer , Gloria , Grando , Grisette , Happenbach , Hecker , Jo Rizling , Jewel , Chancellor , Zsuzsa Kocsis , Königsast , Marie Steiner , Morio-Muskat , Multaner , Noblessa , Nobling , Optima , Orange Steiner , Osteiner , Primera , Rieslaner , Silcher and Sissi .