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In the year 1993 from the former common state Czechoslovakia , the two independent states of Slovakia and Czechia formed. The wine has a common history. The wine regions of Slovakia are mainly located in the east to the borders with Austria and Hungary. The vineyards along these boundaries form an approximately 60 kilometer long strip and lie on the northern edge of the European wine-growing area. They are located mostly on the Danube river Hron, Nitra and V√§h around the capital Bratislava. There is moderate continental climate with hot summers and cool winters with precipitation input. In 2007, there were 17 600 hectares of the vineyard, of which 363 000 hectoliters of wine were produced.
Among the most famous wine-growing communities are Hurbanovo, Levice, Modra (with a wine-college), nitrate, Nove Zamky, Pezinok, Raca, Sahy, Sered, Sobota, Trnava and Zlat√© Moravce. A special feature is the small area in the east, which borders directly on the Hungarian Tokaj wine region. Here, in the three (formerly belonging to Hungary) Kistoronya villages, and the Slovak part of Sz√Ķl√Ķske S√°toralja√ļjhely a wine on the type of Tokay produced. After years of litigation finally agreed in early 2003 the two countries, that they may carry generated within the 172-acre area designation of origin wines Tokaji (for four other municipalities of Slovakia claimed this was rejected by Hungary).
The grapes are in the class "A" and "B" is divided, roughly one-fifth of the area covered by A. Predominant varieties are Blue Portugal (Portugalsk√© Cervene), Pinot Noir (Rulandsk√© Cervene), Gamay (Frankovka), Cabernet Sauvignon, Gewurztraminer, Pinot Gris, Irsay Oliver, Ezerj√≥, Le√°nyka, Furmint, H√°rslevel√ľ, Muller-Thurgau, Muscat Ottonel, Riesling (Rizling r√Ĺnsk√Ĺ), Muscat Blanc (Zlty nutmeg), Sauvignon Blanc, St. Laurent (SvatovavŇôineck√©), Traminer, Riesling (Veltl√≠nsk√© Zelen√© ), Pinot Blanc (Rulandsk√© Bil√©) and Riesling (Rizling Vlassky). Two-thirds are white wines and red wines produced one-third. Known wineries and vineyards are Gbelce, Hlohovec, Hurbanovo, MatyŇ°√°k, Pavelka, Topolcany and Trnava. There are three categories of quality branded wines (mostly blends), varietal wines with grades Ia, Ib, II and III and archive wines (bottle-aged for several years, with vintage indication). Most of the wines is intended for rapid consumption. Apart from exports to the Czech Republic, most of the land is being consumed.