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 Slowenien

Slovenia

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Statistics
Klassifiz. Producer: 47
Wines tasted: 450

The first vines were in the area about 2,400 years ago by the Celts planted. The Romans influenced the wine, especially in the area of ​​Poetovium (Ptuj Ptuj =). The wine writer Pliny (23-79), the wine mentioned in the Karst region, which he described as the lifeblood of wines. During the Great Migration of wine came to a halt. But in middle age to old sources, the wines were at the courts of the archbishop of Salzburg to imperial Vienna and greatly appreciated. The Austrian Archduke Johann (1782-1859) had near Maribor (Marburg), a model vineyard. Even today, the influences of history and long association with Austria-Hungary can be traced. As in most countries in the second half of the 19 were Century, large areas of phylloxera victim.

The former Republic of Yugoslavia has been independent since 1991. The wine-growing area in the north to the border with Austria and in the west to the border with the Italian region of Friuli-Venezia Giulia . In 2007, there were 17 300 hectares of the vineyard, of which 664 000 hectoliters of wine were produced. Approximately three-quarters is due to whites, about a quarter of red wines. The Slovenian wine should be of rapid and very positive development. A related model company is a pioneer and the winery Movia . There are many small wineries, often with tiny faces, many of which produce only for their own use. The most common by far is the variety Laski Rizling (Riesling) with about one-fifth of the vineyards, the most common red grape Refosco (Refosco). The Varieties:

Grape Synonyms in Slovenia (meaning German) Color %
Welschriesling Laski Rizling white 18.1
Chardonnay - white 7.6
Sauvignon Blanc - white 6.2
Refosco (Terrano) Refosco red 5.9
ZametovkaBlue Cologne , Kavcina Crna, Zametasta črnina,
Zametnina črnina, Žametna črnina (Schwarzsamtige)
red 5.6
Sipon (See Furmint ) - white 5.2
Ribolla Rebula white 4.9
Merlot - red 4.9
Riesling (Rhine Riesling) Renski Rizling white 4.8
Pinot Blanc Beli Pinot, Beli Burgundec white 3.8
Blue Portugal Portugalka Modra, Modra Kraljevina red -
Blaufränkisch Modra Franki (s) Yes red -
Bouvier Ranina white -
Cabernet Sauvignon - red -
Chasselas Bela Zlathnina white -
Kerner - white -
MalvasiaMalvasia white -
Müller-Thurgau Rizvanec white -
Muscatel Rumeni Muscat (Muscat) white -
Picolit Bianco Pikolit white -
Pinella Pinela white -
Pinot Gris Sivi Pinot white -
Pinot Noir Modri ​​Pinot red -
Ranfol Ranfol Beli, Stajerska Belina (White Styrian) white -
Plavay Rumeni Plavec (Yellow Plavec) white -
Silvaner Zeleni Silvanec white -
St. Laurent Sentlovrenka red -
Traminer Traminec white -
Vitovska - white -
Zelen - white -

The climatic conditions are characterized by alpine, continental and Mediterranean climate. After a brief, heavy downpours in the spring followed by a warm summer and a long, mostly sunny autumn, allowing a late harvest, and thus correspondingly mature quality wines. Slovenia is divided into three main wine-growing region with a total of 14 original viticultural protected areas:

Podravje (Drauland) with 8913 acres (divided into two sections):
First Stajerska Slovenija (Slovenia Styria)
* Haloze
* Ljutomer-Ormoz
* Maribor
* Ptuj-Srednje Slovenske Gorice
* Radgona-Kapela
* Smarje-Virštanj

Second Prekmurje
* Lendavske Gorice-Goricko

Posavje (Save area) with 7,700 acres:
* Bela Krajina (White Carniola)
* Bizeljsko Sremic
* Dolenjska

Primorska (Adriatic coast), with 7055 acres:
* Brda (Gorica Hills)
* Kras (Karst)
* Slovenska Istra (Slovenian Istria)
* Vipavska Dolina (Wippachtal)

Up to a few country-specific features, the same Slovene Wine Law and the regulations to those of all other EU countries. Are indicated on each bottle, the total amount of the total output of a wine bottle or the number of liters, along with the official identification number. About 30% of annual production are table and wine country and 70% of various levels of quality wines, which means a high percentage. The gradations in the degree of sweetness are suho (dry), polsuho (medium dry), polsladko (semisweet) and sladko (sweet). The different quality levels are:

Namizno Vino: A simple table wine without special requirements.

Deželno Vino PGO (priznano geografsko oznako = recognized geographical indication): Wine Country from a specific growing region, for example Podravje.

Kakovostno vino ZGP (z = geografskim poreklom with geographical origin): Quality wine geographical origin. Vines and vineyards are prescribed. At the official tasting must be achieved at least 16.1 points out of 20.

Vrhunsko vino ZGP: top-quality wine with geographic origin. In addition to the basic criteria, the following strict conditions: Registered readers, no Enrich and no additives, does not allow Deacidification . The expansion, which mature in cask and bottle, and the filling may be made only in the area of ​​origin. At the official tasting must be achieved at least 18.1 points out of 20.

Vrhunsko Vino Pozna trgatev: Top wine late vintage . The Vintage may occur earlier than ten days after the main harvest.

Vrhunsko Vino Izbor: premium wine selection . It may selektionierte only be used by the sun-tanned grapes.

Vrhunsko Vino Jagodni Izbor: Top wine berry selection . Only the ripest and sweetest berries are read.

Vrhunsko Vino Suhi Jagodni Izbor: Top wine Trockenbeerenauslese . 32% sugar in the grapes after Babo must weight at least are necessary.

The following additional special classifications are possible, it being necessary for the wine quality standards (Vrhunsko Vino geografskim poreklom z) satisfies:

PTP (Priznano Tradicionalno Poimenovanje): Does "recognized traditional name". This special class is for wines that are produced according to traditional methods in a given region with the protection of geographical origin. There are only four such wines, which are Belokranjec , Cvicek , Kras Teran and Metliska črnina .

Arhivsko Wine: Wine Archive. Can also be used for wines that are aged for at least two years in barrel and two years in the bottle.

The source was used: www.slowenien-weine.de
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