Keyword: South Tyrol
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The northern area of â€‹â€‹the Italian double-region Trentino-Alto Adige , The southern area is Trentino . The Italian name of Alto Adige. It corresponds to the geographical province of Bolzano (Italian Bolzano). The Romansh put here already 1,000 BC to the first vineyards, South Tyrol is one of the oldest German wine regions. Here the Romans by the Celts learned the use of wine barrels for storage and transport timber. In the Middle Ages, the wine came to full bloom. The German Emperor, who went to her coronation in Rome learned on their journey to know and appreciate the Alto Adige wine. A decline was from the late 19th Century, as in many other wine-growing areas by phylloxera and mildew . By the 1919 South Tyrol to Italy were made connecting the northern markets lost. After the loss of quality in the 1980s through the marketing of bulk wine you have once again caught up with top grades.
The vineyards cover 5300 hectares of vineyards. They are located mainly in the 500 to 1,000 meters above sea level on the slopes and hilly areas in the Adige Valley between Merano and Salurn and Eisacktal between Bozen (Bolzano) and Bressanone (Brixen), with smaller acreage Venosta, formerly Vintschgau (Val Venosta). At the bottom are the only area of â€‹â€‹Lagrein Gries and white wine region of Salurn. In the Adige Valley, the soils consist mainly of gravelly Schwemmlandschotter, on the slopes of weathered rocks with a high lime content. The prevailing continental climate with warm summers and cold winters with relatively large temperature fluctuations.
The Blend is 55% white wine and red grape varieties of 45%. About 80% of the red wines are produced from domestic grapes Vernatsch (Schiava, Trollinger). Other red varieties are the native Lagrein and Moscato Rosa (Pink Moscato), as well as Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc and Pinot Noir. For white wines dominate Pinot Blanc and Chardonnay, Riesling further, Muller-Thurgau, Pinot Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, Moscato giallo (Moscato Giallo) and Gewurztraminer. Comprehensive range of DOC- South Tyrol consists of six sub-zones:
* Bolzano conducting (Colli di Bolzano) = Subzone of South Tyrol
* Eisacktaler (Valle Isarco) = Subzone of South Tyrol
* (Lake Caldaro)
* Merano hill (Meranese di Collina) = Subzone of South Tyrol
* (Santa Maddalena) = Subzone of South Tyrol
* South Tyrol (Alto Adige also, Italian Alto Adige)
* Terlaner (Terlano) = Subzone of South Tyrol
* Vinschgau (Val Venosta) = Subzone of South Tyrol
There are many wine farmers with relatively small vineyards, mostly in one of the many wine cooperative is organized. These produce about two-thirds of the wines. Well-known producers are Ansitz Waldgries , Arunda Reiterer , Baron Di Pauli , Bessererhof , Brigl , Brunnenhof Mazzon, Carlotto , Castelfeder , Castel Sallegg , Peter Dipoli , Egger-Ramer , Eisacktaler winery , family farm Unterganzner, First and New winery Kaltern , Falkenstein, Garlider , GlÃ¶gglhof, Griesbauerhof , Gummerhof , Gumphof, Haderburg , Happacherhof , Kandlerhof , Cantina Bolzano , Girlan Winery , Kaltern Winery , Winery Kurtatsch , Merano BurggrÃ¤fler winery , Terlan, Tramin Winery , Kettmeir, K. Martini & Son , Koessler , Laimburg , La Smilla, Loacker Schwarhof , H. Lun , Messnerhof, Milla Gert Pomella, Nals Margreid , Josef Niedermayr , Niklaserhof , Pfannenstielhof , Christian Plattner, Ritterhof , Peter SÃ¶lva & Sons , St. Paul's winery , Thalerhof Tiefenbrunner, Unterortl , Josef Weger and ZÃ¶hlhof.