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 Steiermark

Steiermark

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   South Styria   Southeast Styria Volcanic province of Styria
   West Styria      
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Statistics
Klassifiz. Producer: 85
Wines tasted: 2955

The vineyards in the Austrian province of Styria filled according to Weingarten survey in 2009, a total of 4242 hectares (1999 acres, it was 3242). For the production of local wines but under the name "Steirerland" the area one of the three wine regions. The Celts operated as early as the 4th Century BC, cultivated vineyards. As in all of Central Europe was also Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) the vineyard new impetus. Great service to the Styrian wine purchased in the Middle Ages Church and their monasteries, especially the Abbey of Rein Cistercian . In 1406 of 535 locations with 6,000 vines have been documented. In the 16th Century, with 35,000 hectares of the vineyard about eight times as large as today.

The Habsburg Archduke Johann (1782-1859) owned a castle in what is now the center Schilcher Stainz . He founded in 1822 in Marburg an attempt winery and was thus important groundwork for a quality-oriented wine. The Archduke had the plant on site until then unknown varieties Traminer, Sauvignon Blanc, Sylvaner, Riesling and Pinot Blanc, and new training system to try. He also promoted the formation of hygiene in the winery and wine production. In 1872 was founded in Marburg, the Styrian fruit and wine school. The first director Hermann Hermann Goethe (1837-1911) was one of the most prominent wine experts and Ampelography his time. Today the winery in Styria are silver mine near Leibnitz trained.

Went to the First World War in 1918 most of the vineyards on the southern neighbors Slovenia lost. The Second World War brought great devastation, because the combat zone Styria was in many places. The vineyard suffered a decline and the early 1960s, the vineyard was only about 1,600 acres. Through targeted promotion of the Styrian Provincial Government by means of so-called wine and renovation plans to increase the conversion to vineyards and modern training system to this day as the Rebbe was again increased to more than a half times. Styria is divided into three vineyards (in brackets the values ​​from 1999):

* Südoststeiermark - 1401 hectares (1,105 acres)
* Südsteiermark - 2.340 hectares (1,739 acres)
* West Styria - 501 acres (432 ha)

All three vineyards are located in the south of the country near the border with Slovenia . The vineyards are scattered far and are mainly applied to steep southern slopes of up to 650 meters above sea level (South Styria, Ringkogel at Hart Mountain). About 70% of the vineyards are Slope a Inclination of more than 26%, which is in accordance with Austrian wine law as "mountain wine" classified. The emblem of the Styrian wine is Klopotec , a wind-powered device to Pest birds to drive from the vineyards. Worth mentioning are the many wine routes.

The climate is at the intersection of South European Mediterranean climate in the west and south and Pannonian climate with hot summers, low rainfall in the southeast. The annual rainfall amount in the West 1200, in the East but only 800 millimeters. The large temperature fluctuations between day and night in the fall of wines which give a flavor variety. The soils are quite different. In the southeastern area around Bad Gleichenberg, Kapfenstein Klöch , Riegersburg and Straden prevail soils of volcanic origin, with sandy loams, clays and weathered basalt. The towering volcanic cones dominate this landscape. Im Sausal, there are over mica schist and gneiss, a siliceous rock brown earth. To the north of it to Duke Field and Hartenberg and Weiz, there are slate floors. In the hill country of Gamlitz , Gloss, Grassnitzberg , Plössnitz, Zieregg and sandy-clayey Zoppelberg there is sedimentary rock, mixed with limestone and Pseudogley.

The Market Community Styrian wine represents over 750 members, is another great wine Communities Styrian Terroir and Classic Wineries and Archduke Johann wines . For three-quarters of white wines are produced, which are mostly developed dry, fresh and fruity and light in alcohol. A particular specialty is the Styrian Schilcher from the variety Blue Wildbacher. The Blend is based on the annual survey conducted in 2009 Weingarten. Compared to the last survey in 1999, resulting in the varieties no major changes. The two varieties: Chardonnay (Morillon) and Pinot Blanc 1999 were not recorded together. The total vineyard area has grown by 31% from 3242 hectares to 4242 hectares.

Variety - Austrian
Main name
in Austria, officially permitted
Synonyms
Color Hectare
2009
%-Ant
2009
Hectare
1999
Welschriesling - white 793 18.7 696
White Burgundy Pinot Blanc , Klevner , White Burgundy white 513 12.1 386
Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner white 513 12.1 178
Blue Wildbacher - red 450 10.6 461
Zweigelt Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger red 441 10.4 331
Chardonnay Morillon white 331 7.8 181
Müller-Thurgau Rivaner white 314 7.4 351
Muscatel Muscat, Red M. white 216 5.1 86
Scheurebe Seedling 88 white 157 3.7 180
Traminer Gewurztraminer, T. Red, T. Yellow white 81 1.9 72
Pinot Gris Pinot Gris , Pinot Grigio white 81 1.9 66
White Riesling Riesling , Rhine Riesling white 76 1.8 74
Goldburger - white 42 1.0 52
Mixed Set Styrian composite rate white 28 0.7 45
Blue Burger - red 30 0.7 22
Merlot - red 21 0.5 A
Blaufränkisch - red 17 0.4 17
Pinot Noir Pinot Noir , Blue Spätb. Red, pink. red 17 0.4 5
Cabernet Sauvignon - red 17 0.4 7
St. Laurent - red 16 0.4 6
Silvaner Grüner Sylvaner white 11 0.3 11
Muscat Ottonel - white 6 0.1 5
Green Veltliner Weißgipfler white 4 0.1 5
Blue Portugal - red 3 0.1 5
Roesler - red 3 0.1 0
Bouvier - white 2 0.1 2
Cabernet Franc - red A - 0
Rathay - red A - 0
Early Roter VeltlinerMalmsey white 0.5 - 0
SyrahShiraz red 0.5 - 0
Neuburger - white 0 - 0.3
And. white varieties - white 56 1.3 0
And. red varieties - red 0 - 7
WHITE VARIETIES 3225 76 2388
RED VARIETIES 1017 24 854
TOTAL 4242 100 3242
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