The red grape is according to recent findings from southern France. Long was the origin of the ancient city of Shiraz (Shiraz) in today's Iran (Persia) is suspected. There is still a white grape called Shirazi . From this city is the famous Persian poet Hafiz (1324-1388), who wrote verses on, among other things, the love and wine. From there she was allegedly taken by the French crusader Gaspard de Sterimberg to the year 1225 in France. Synonyms are Antournerein, Anther Muskatnyi, Balsamia, Balsamina, Biaune, Blue Syrah, Bragiola, Candive, Damascus Blue, Entournerein, Hermitage, Hignin Noir, Marsanne Noir, Neretta, Neretta Cuneo, Neretta del Monregalese, Neretto del Beinale, Neretto di Dogliani Neretto of Saluzzo, Petite Syrah, Plant de la Biaune, Shiraz, Serine Noir, Serene, Shiras, Shyrac, Sirac, Syrah, Marsanne Noir, Syrah, Syra, Syrac, Syrac de l'Ermitage and Zizak.
According to data from the U.S. in 1998 by Dr. Carole-Wisenschaftlerin Carole Meredith in collaboration with Jean-Michel Jean-Michel Boursiquot the Research Institute of Montpellier conducted DNA at the University of California The descent was clarified. The Syrah is a spontaneous crossing of two old French varieties Mondeuse Blanche (White) x Dureza (Red). The Swiss biologist Dr. Jose Jose Vouillamoz (b. 1971) introduced in 2006 determined by DNA comparisons that Pinot (Noir, Gris and Blanc) is most likely a great-grandfather of Syrah. The (French) Syrah is the (Australian) Shiraz genetically identical, but both have their own history. The Australian wine pioneer James James Busby (1802-1871) resulted in the 1833 Syrah, the one to Australia. He called Scyras, where later she was famous among Shiraz.
The gekelterte Australia Shiraz wine is different (on the basis of different vinification methods), but despite that the species identity of Syrah, because both have evolved differently. The Syrah is one of the major varieties of the world, the so-called noble CÃ©pages . The cluster provides a deep, dark, tannic wine with intense, peppery Spice and great aging potential. It is cultivated throughout France (particularly in the south) and occupies more than 50,000 hectares of vineyards. Among the most famous wines vinified from where it is sorted and included as a co-partner, including Chateauneuf-du-Pape , Cote Rotie and Hermitage .
In 1936, the Syrah from winemaker Dr. Harold P. Harold Olmo (1909-2006) introduced in California, where it has established itself among the French origin of the name. Furthermore, it is grown in Washington State, Italy, and under the name Balsamina in Chile and Argentina. In Austria in 2009 amounted to 137 hectares of vineyards, which quintupled in the last ten years the stock. In Switzerland, it occupies 180 hectares in Germany 27. In South Africa and Australia under the name of the variety is Shiraz spread. In France, a variety kleinbeerigere Syrah as Petite Syrah ("y") (see also under Petite Sirah - With "i"). The Syrah was the parent with new varieties Carina , Durif , Iara , Maximo , Ruby and Sao Roque .