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 Türkei

Turkey

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Statistics
Klassifiz. Producer: 22
Wines tasted: 43

The country has an ancient wine-making tradition, in the 4th Millennium BC, it was cultivated vineyards in Anatolia in the area Transcaucasia (Together with the Mesopotamia as the cradle of wine culture is) and on the coast of the Caspian Sea. During excavations in the 7th Millennium BC city of Catal Huyuk was built to representations that make a wine already suspect at this time. The grapes cultivated today Kalecik Karasi knew as early as 2000 BC, the Hittites. Near the border with Iran and Armenia is the mountain of Ararat , where, according to the Bible Noah with his ark landed "on the wine farmers was". With the Islamization of the country and the associated Alcohol ban It came in the 8th Century to the first incision in the wine. In the Ottoman period (1300-1920) was the only Christian minorities such as Greeks and Armenians need to produce against a higher tax levy wine. In the Tanzimat Period (Tanzimat reform =) was from the mid-19th Century, the vineyards and revived exports increased - due to the Phylloxera in Europe - until the beginning of the 20th Century to 30 million liters annually. After the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923 large areas of land, among others, Greece had to be surrendered and the bulk of the important wine-growing Greek minority left the country, there was again a decline.

As of 1925, tried the new republic under Mustafa Kemal Ataturk (1881-1938) to revive the new wine. The well-known as a wine lover statesman paved the way for private estates. In 1926, Nihat A. Kutman founded the winery in Istanbul "Maison Vinicole" (later Doluca). The next was 1929 Mehmet Cenap And in Ankara, its operating Kavaklidere called (Pappeltal). The most important wine-growing areas lie in the Aegean region to the west of the country, where more humid climate than prevails in the dry inland and nearly two-thirds of the quantity of wine produced. This is the European part of Turkey with the regions of Thrace and Marmaris (Bilecik, Canakkale, Edirne, Kirklareli, Tekirdag), and the Aegean coast of Anatolia (Denizli, Izmir, Manisa). Smaller areas are located on the Black Sea (Corum, Kastamonu, Samsun, Tokat), in Central Anatolia (Ankara, Kirikkale, Kirsehir, Nigde), Anatolia (Elazig) and Southeastern Anatolia (Diyarbakir, Gaziantep, Mardin, Sanliurfa). In 2007 the vineyard area of ​​521 000 hectares was indeed the world's fourth, of the 231 000 hectoliters of wine was only produced (see also under Wine production quantities ).

There are hundreds of indigenous grape varieties, many of which are not officially recorded. The red ones are most important Ada Karasi , Bogazkere , Calkarasi , Cubuk Karasi , Hasandede Siyahi , Horoz Karasi , Kalecik Karasi , Öküzgözü and Sergi Karasi . The white ones are most important Beylerce , Bornova Misketi , Dimrit , Emir , Hasandede Beyazi , Kabarcik Beyaz , Misket ufak , Narince , Sultaniye (Sultana) and Yapincak . Important European varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon, Carignan, Chardonnay, Cinsault, Clairette, Gamay, Grenache Noir, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Riesling and Semillon. Turkey is at about 75% of the grape harvest of the world's largest producer Table grape and after the U.S., the world's second largest producer Raisins . Both are made mostly of the variety Sultaniye (Sultana). Very popular is the honey-like syrup Grape Pekmes .

The large state-owned enterprise produced in addition to tobacco, about 95% and 40% of the spirits of wine. Good qualities of the private companies Diren, Doluca, Karmen, and Taskobirlik Kavaklidere produced. One of the best Turkish wine branded wines are the Buzbag , Villa Neva and Yakut and whites Cankaya , Thrakya (Sémillon) and Villa Doluca (Sultaniye and Semillon). The main alcoholic drink is made with dried grapes, but (almost exclusively of Tekel) produced Raki , In the second distillation process Anise is added. The annual per capita consumption of wine is less than one liter. It is also making in regard to the EU negotiations very great efforts on the western quality standards to join.
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