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 Ukraine

Ukraine

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A wine culture existed in what is now Ukraine in the 4th century BC on the south coast of the peninsula Crimea , from this period winepresses and were Amphora found. In the northern part but he did not develop until much later in the 11th century by monks. In the Middle Ages negotiated the Genoese, who were owners of today Sudak then, with Krimweinen throughout Europe. Under Catherine II. (1729-1796), the Crimean peninsula became part of the Russian Empire in 1783. Your favorite Grigory Potemkin (1739-1791) made it arable and also promoted viticulture. The Count imported vines from Italy, Spain and France, where the climate which in Crimea was very similar. Especially the ground around the city Sudak was very fruitful. Here is the 300 sunny days a year aptly duck Solnechnaya Dolina (Sunshine) with a similar big winery. Nearby Yalta Count Mikhail let Mikhail Semenovich Vorontsov (1782-1856) in the year 1820 Creating vineyards and build a large winery. Nearby he founded in 1828 the Institute of Viticulture Magarach .

Special credit to the Russian winegrowing deserves the fetched by Catherine II. Into the country from Berlin coming German scientist and Academician Pallas (1741-1811), who laid out large wine plantations in Sudakgebiet. He described in detail about 40 indigenous varieties first. Prince Lev Golitsyn founded in 1878, the still existing winery Novy Svet (New World) in Sudak. A sparkling wine was first produced in 1799 in the climatically cities Sudak and Alushta. The amounts, however, were insignificant. As the founder of the famous Crimean champagne (Schampanskoje Krimskoje) applies Golitsyn. He founded the order of Tsar Nicholas II. (1868-1918) and the current state winery Massandra . Mid-1980s was initiated by Mikhail Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev (* 1931) started an anti-alcohol campaign. Through extensive Clear the vine stock of 225,000 hectares to less than 100,000 hectares has been reduced. The tossed viticulture decades.

In February 2014, there was civil war-like conditions. The "Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation" subsequently led to a referendum at which allegedly uttered the majority of the population of Crimea to join the Russian Federation (according to estimates, there were only about 30-50% of Krimbevölkerung, and of these around 50 60% for the separation). Ukraine sees the Crimea continue as an autonomous republic and part of its own territory, Russia however, as own Federal District. The UN declared by a large majority the referendum as invalid.

Ukraine consists of four major wine regions. This is by far the largest area in the southwest of the city of Odessa with nearly 50% of the total area, the peninsula Crimea on the Black Sea with about one-third that of Slovakia , Hungary and Romania in neighboring Transcarpathia region, and the area south of the river Dnieper cities Kherson and Dnepropetrovsk. The continental climate is characterized by hot summers and severe winters to about minus 30 ° Celsius. In 2012, 2.4 million hectoliters of wine were produced from 78,000 hectares. Known brand wines Alushta , Kagor , Naddniprjanske and Chorny Ph.D. , There are cultivated nearly 180 varieties, including mostly autochthonous or bred here varieties. The Grape 2010 (Statistics Kym Kym Anderson ):
grape color Synonyms or Ukrainian names hectare
Rkatsiteli White Rkatziteli, Topolioc 11,552
Aligoté White - 9,627
Cabernet Sauvignon red - 4,869
Sauvignon Blanc White - 3,123
Chardonnay White - 2,985
Merlot red - 2,820
Riesling White - 2,702
Odessky Cherny red Alibernet, Semenac 1-17-4 2,426
Isabella red - 2,396
Saperavi red Saperavi 1,514
Sukholimanskii White - 1,477
Bastardo Magarachsky White Bastardo Magarach, Magaracha Bastardo 1,330
Gewürztraminer / Traminer White - 961
Kokur Bely White Belji Dolgi, Kokuri Belji 918
Pinot Noir red - 767
Pinot Gris White - 685
Muscat Blanc / Muscatel White - 674
Pervenets Magaracha White Pervenec Magaraca, Pervenets Magarach 643
Pinot Blanc White - 338
Lydia White Lidia 270
Telti Kyryk White Tilki Kuyrugu 246
podarok Magaracha White Podarok Magaratcha, Podarok Magarach 212
Citronny Magaracha White - 110
Ekim Kara red ECHIM Kara 27
Antey Magarachsky red Antei, Antei Magarachskii ?
Cevat Kara red Djevat Kara, Kara Dshevat ?
Fioletovy Ranny red Filetovyi Ranii ?
Kapitan Jani Kara red Adzhi Ibram Kara, Agii Ibram, Capitan Kara ?
Kapselsky White Capsule Skii, Kapselski ?
Kefessiya red Cefecia, Cefesia, Doktorsky Chernyi ?
Kok Pandas White Coc pandas Kok Pandasse ?
Krona red - ?
Lapa Kara red - ?
Rubin Golodrigi red Ruby of Golodryga ?
Rubinovy Magaracha red Magaracha Ruby, Ruby Magaracha ?
Rubin Tairovsky red - ?
Sary pandas White Sarah pandas, pandas Sari ?
Soldaia White Soldaiya ?
Solnechnodolinsky White - ?

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