Translations into other languages are available for subscribers only.
Hungary has a very ancient wine culture, as wines from Sopron and Eger were already in the 13th Century concept. The Greeks introduced viticulture in the south-east of Hungary, the Danube and its tributary the Tisza up and the Romans from the west one of the Pannonian plain to the Balaton. Despite Huns, Vandals, Goths, Tatars and Turks invasions over many centuries, has always grown wine. Even the Turks, who held most of the country occupied 160 years, despite suppressed Alcohol ban the wine does not like the increased taxes for it, but the development was inhibited during this time. Charlemagne to the "Awarenwein" have been so impressed that he took some vines with me to Germany.
By the Hungarian King Matthias Corvinus (1440-1490), who resided in his last five years of life in Vienna, the statement is delivered that should have all the people wine and watch the wine growers are high. In the Middle Ages the Church played in almost all other countries, in Hungary a major role in spreading the wine culture. Decisively connected with the wine history of Hungary is the famous Tokay . King Béla IV (1235-1270) brought Italians into the country, bringing with them the Furmint. After the phylloxera disaster and the two world wars, was moved to the production of bulk wines. Since the political upheavals of 1989 and establishment of the wine growers' association, but it comes with the wine again steeply upward.
It dominates Central European continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. The latitude is similar to the Burgundy region in France, resulting in aromatic white wines. Around 2,000 hours of sunshine a year, but also promote the production of red wines. The shares of the Danube River flowing north to south the country in about two halves. With the wine law of 1997 a total of 22 wine regions have been defined. To the west lies Transdanubia, the borders of the Austria and Croatia in the west to the Danube reaches. In the center is the Balaton (Balaton), the largest with 591 sq km lake in Central Europe. Together with the Lake Neusiedl and the Danube is a very positive climatic influence is exerted on the wine. Transdanubia has four wine-growing region with 15 wine regions:
* Balatonfelvidék (Formerly known as Balaton mellék)
* Balatonmelléke (Formerly Zala)
Észak Dunantul (Northern Transdanubia)
* Villány (Formerly Villány-Siklós)
In the southeast between the Danube and Tisza is the great Pannonian lowland with sand, steppe-land, called the Hungarian Great Plain. The vineyards here, practicing a tightening effect on the ground. In the summer there are often hazardous to the harvest Drought and in winter frost . The Duna region has three wine regions:
* Hajos-Baja (Formerly known Hajos-Vaskút)
* Kunság (Formerly Kiskunság)
The North Massif is located in the north in the foothills of the Mátra near the border with Slovakia . The two regions and their wine regions:
* Eger with the Bull's Blood (Egri Bikavér)
Tokaj wine region
Hungary is almost 70% of the production of a white wine country, although clearly the dominant red grape Kékfrankos (Lemberger). The Tokajersorte Furmint ranks after Olaszrizling (Riesling) until the third. In 2008, produces around 67,000 hectares of vineyards around 3.5 million hectoliters of wine. The Blend:
SYNONYMS / UNG. NAME COLOUR HECTARE % Blaufränkisch Kékfrankos red 8181 12.1 Welschriesling Olaszrizling white 4909 7.3 Furmint Mosler, Tokaisky white 4005 5.9 Cserszegi Füszeres Spicy from Cserszeg white 3068 4.6 Chardonnay - white 2865 4.3 Cabernet Sauvignon - red 2752 4.1 Müller-Thurgau Rizlingszilváni white 2312 3.4 Zweigelt - red 2284 3.4 Zala Gyöngye Pearl of Zala white 2243 3.3 Merlot Médoc Noir red 1791 2.7 Ezerjó Ezerjó white 1656 2.5 Izsáki Sárfehér Arany Sárfehér white 1635 2.4 Hárslevelü Linden white 1612 2.4 Veltliner Zoeldveltelini, Grüner Veltliner white 1552 2.3 Pinot Gris Pinot Gris, Pinot Gris white 1524 2.3 Riesling Rajnai Rizling, Rhine Riesling white 1390 2.1 Kunleány - white 1320 2.0 Blue Portugal Portuguese ( Kékoportó is prohibited) red 1296 1.9 Cabernet Franc - red 1243 1.8 Muscat Ottonel Ottonel Muskotály white 1233 1.8 Irsai Oliver - white 997 1.5 Pinot Noir Kékburgundi, Pinot Noir red 963 1.4 Feteasca Regala Királyleányka white 942 1.4 Kövidinka - white 921 1.4 Leányka Mädchentraube white 880 1.3 Sauvignon Blanc - white 754 1.1 Traminer Tramini, Piros Tramini white 722 1.1 Kadarka Kék Kadarka red 666 1.0 Muscatel Sárgamuskotály, Muscat Lunel white 648 1.0 Zenith - white 560 0.8 Ezerfürtü - white 478 0.7 Blue Burger - red 400 0.6 Zengö Zengo white 318 0.5 Pinot Blanc White Burgundy white 200 0.3 Turán Agria red 178 0.3 Medina - red 169 0.3 Juhfark - white 155 0.2 Zéta Oremus white 114 0.2 Syrah - red 100 0.1 Zefir Zephyr white 72 0.1 Sémillon - white 56 0.1 Kékmedoc earlier Médoc Noir red 46 0.1 Kéknyelü Blaustaengler white 41 0.1 Kövérszölö Dick Grapes white 37 0.1 Zierfandler Cirfandli white 18 0.1 Zeus Zeusz white 14 0.1 Residual white varieties 6982 10.4 Residual red varieties 300 0.5 RED VARIETIES 20 369 30.2 WHITE VARIETIES 46 233 68.6 GRAPE 766 1.2 TOTAL 67 368 100
The information on the bottle label are usually short and sweet. The place-names ending in "i" (which the German "he" is equivalent) is added to the usual variety, for example Soproni Kékfrankos (Frankish of Sopron). Féherbor = white wine, red wine Vörösbor =, = Pezsgö champagne, Száraz = dry, félszáraz = medium dry, sweet édes =, = félédes semisweet. The wine quality levels are:
Wine categories: In August 2009, the EU wine market organization with fundamental changes in the levels of quality wine terms and was valid. For the EU countries to allow time for changes, a transition period until end of 2011. The following new names and grades (see also detailed below Quality System ):
* Boron - equivalent to the now banned as a term Asztali boron
* = OFJ Oltalom alatt allo Földrajzi Jelzés (formerly tájbor)
* OEM = Oltalom alatt allo Eredetmegjelölés (formerly Minöségi boron, boron Kueloenleges M.)
Asztali Boron: A Table wine without indication of origin with at least 8% alcohol by volume content of classified wines. This may be called by at least 70% share.
Tájbor: A Wine Country vol indication of grape-growing region and to 12% alcohol content.
Minöségi Boron: A Quality wine alcohol with at least 10% alcohol content. There are varietal, vintage, called fillers, alcohol content, location and time of harvest. The grapes must come from vine varieties classified by the specified location / date and location of the yield may exceed 12 tons / ha not. There must be no Enrich . be
Kueloenleges Minöségi boron: High quality Quality wine with state control characters "Állami Ellenörzöjegy". The specifications are identical to the quality of wine, but it is produced from fully ripe grapes with noble rot or is harvested by hand and the income can not exceed 10t/ha. The minimum alcohol content is 13 vol%, or at least 190 g / l sugar musts at harvest. As additional terms are the predicates or types of wine late harvest (at least 190 g / L must sugar, over-ripe grapes), selection (205 g / L must sugar, exquisite sound over-ripe grapes), outbreak (220 g / L must sugar) and Trockenbeerenauslese (from over-ripe, most nobly rotten grapes, 250g / l sugar musts).