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The white grape variety whose full name is a very typical Austrian Grüner Veltliner grapes. Synonyms are Bielospicak, Three Men Wine , Falkensteiner, Fehérhegyü, green muscatel, Nemes Veltelini, Manhardsrebe, Manhartsrebe, Mouhardsrebe, Ryvola Bila, Tarant Bily, Valteliner, Veltlini, Veltlínské Zelené, Weißgipfler, Weißreifler, Weißmuskateller, Yesil Veltliner, Zeleny muscatel, Zleni Veltinac, Zöld Muskotály and Zöld Veltelini . A variety of Grüner Veltliner with a pronounced berry fragrance is gray Veltliner. In the past, often a reference to the Valtellina (Italian Valtellina), the valley of the River Adda in the Italian region of Lombardy has been suggested. Such an origin is by no means assured. The current name is the first time in 1855 appeared in a document, but only through continued into the 1930s. Previously the species was usually called "Weißgipfler" or "green muscatel," although she does not have nutmeg. The Ampelograph Balthasar Balthasar Sprenger (1724-1791) in 1766 mentioned a "green muscat" from Sopron, which is similar to his description of the Valtellina.
The Grüner Veltliner is compatible with all other Veltliner varieties if at all, very distantly related and not part of the family Veltliner. This way, already noticed the Ampelograph Hermann Hermann Goethe (1837-1911) in 1887 in his famous manual of ampelography with the words "that he is not botanically belongs to the family of Velteliner". Low genetic characteristics have suggested for some time that the central Veltliner leading variety Roter Veltliner a grandparent is. By appropriate DNA the Austrian biologist Dr. Ferdinand Regner, Ferdinand was the Traminer identified as a parent. In 2000 it was discovered in the parish of St. Georgen Burgenland an already several centuries old vines, from which there is only this copy. The previously unknown strain is named after the Auffindungsort St. Georgen and is called DNA testing of sprinklers parent of Grüner Veltliner. Whether this is father or mother variety, is still open (as of end 2010). The properties of the St. Georgen, however, have enforced much more strongly than those of Traminer.
Mid-19th Century was the Grüner Veltliner in the region around Retz (wine district north) at the Brno Street and Horner Street widespread. He pushed the mass carrier Heunisch . Until the Second World War he was in Austria but rather represent only sporadically. Only with the introduction of Lenz Moser AG (1905-1978) created training system "high culture" it spread from the 1950s and very quickly became the defining species. The maturation occurs relatively late and therefore is a mild, long autumn of advantage. The variety makes no great demands on the ground (not too dry nor too wet), it thrives equally well on poor as on fertile soils. With regard to climate and soil conditions are ideal, the Austrian. With 13 518 hectares today Grüner Veltliner has around 30% stake in Austria's total vineyard area and the trend is decreasing. It is cultivated in almost all Austrian wine-growing areas, particularly in Weinviertel , The "Veltliner Land." In Germany it is only a total of 7 acres planted (Rheinhessen, Pfalz). There are other areas in the Czech Republic (2,000 ha), Hungary (1,500 ha) and even a few acres in New Zealand.
The strain is well suited for primary rock (for example, in the Wachau and the Kremstal ), Loess (eg, in Kremstal and Wagram ), But also heavy loam and clay soils (for example, in the wine district). In Austria, there are a variety of selections or clones. Outside of Austria, he is still grown in South Moravia, Slovakia and western Hungary at Sopron. In 2005, the variety planted even in the New Zealand Central Otago. The wine is now the world on many wine lists to find and become popular. Therefore it is expected that the vine from other countries will be included in the catalog. The wine has a pronounced spicy aroma that is designated by the Austrian term "peppery". After a few years now, this is about in a velvety almond. The wine should be drunk rather young, but with a corresponding expansion it can be a wine with exceptional storage capacity with up to 20 years or more. The Grüner Veltliner was founded in 2003 as a non typical variety of the wine region Weinviertel for the first Austrian DAC (origin of wine) is selected.