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The capital of Austria one (by then his own wine-growing region). The vineyards cover 612 hectares, so that Vienna is the capital of the world's largest wine production. Nearly 500 wineries operate mainly in the west and north of the city of wine. There are vineyards in 6 of the 23 districts of Vienna, namely favorites (10), Ottakring (16), Hernals (17), DĂ¶bling (19), Floridsdorf (21) and Liesing (23). The most famous vineyard in Vienna is the nut-hill . Well-known producers with in part Winery are Bernreiter Peter , Christian Rainer , Cobenzl , Michael Edlmoser , Fuhrgassl-Huber , Goebel, Hans-Peter , Hajszan , Robert Helm , Hengl-Haselbrunner , Wolfgang Hofer , Kattus , Irene Long , Charles Lentner , Mayer Pfarrplatz , Mayer Viticulture , Pfaffl novel , Reinprecht Hugo , Herbert Schilling , Klosterneuburg Abbey , Wieninger , Winzerhof Leopold and Zahel . Two well-known vintners associations Vienna Classic and Vienna Wine .
That make Vienna and wine from the same letter appears to be more than a mere coincidence. In the Middle Ages in several German dialects (for example, in the Lower Rhine), the city with "Weyn" means. The well-known wine writer Hugh Johnson Hugh writes, that is not a city so full of wine aficionados as Vienna. The Viennese Winery is known worldwide and many guests (also) so to Vienna. In the 180 Heurigen companies are also selling quality of the glass bottles of wines has been established. Known by many wine bars are Heurigen Grinzing , Holy City, Jedlersdorf, masonry, Neustift am Walde, Nussdorf, Oberlaa Sievering Stammersdorf and Strebersdorf. The typical Viennese wine tavern wine is the mixed set , are planted mixed with the different varieties according to ancient tradition in the vineyard. In 2009 the "Vienna Mixed sentence," the association Slow Food as a "passenger" of the "Ark of Taste" was added. He is one of the excellent food that will be before the big threat from industrial agriculture and food industry is strictly protected and preserved for future generations.
When Weingarten 2009 survey compared to 1999 resulted in no significant changes in Blend. The vineyard has been in the past ten years, only slightly increased by 3% from 594 to 612 acres. See changes in the table:
Variety - Austrian
in Austria, officially permitted
GrĂŒner Veltliner WeiĂgipfler white 153 25.0 198 White Riesling Riesling , Rhine Riesling white 84 13.7 88 White Burgundy Pinot Blanc, Pinot Blanc , Klevner white 51 8.3 ? Mixed Set - white 51 8.3 74 Zweigelt Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger red 49 8.0 38 Chardonnay Morillon - Not used in Vienna white 46 7.5 ? Welschriesling - white 30 5.0 32 Pinot Noir Blue SpĂ€tb. Red, pink., Pinot Noir red 22 3.6 12.5 MĂŒller-Thurgau Rivaner white 16 2.6 24 Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner white 11 1.7 8.5 Traminer Gewurztraminer, T. Red, T. Yellow white 10 1.6 8 Blue Burger - red 10 1.6 11 Cabernet Sauvignon - red 10 1.6 9 St. Laurent - red 9 1.5 7.5 Merlot - red 8 1.3 3.5 Neuburger - white 8 1.3 16 Muscatel Muscat, Red M. white 7 1.1 3 BlaufrĂ€nkisch - red 5 0.8 5.2 Pinot Gris Pinot Gris , Pinot Grigio white 5 0.8 6.5 Blue Portugal - red 5 0.8 11 Goldburger - white 4 0.7 7 Early Roter Veltliner Malmsey white 4 0.7 7 Mixed Set - red 2 0.3 5.5 Silvaner GrĂŒner Sylvaner white 2 0.3 4 Bouvier - white 2 0.3 1.2 Zierfandler SpĂ€trot white A 0.2 A Rotgipfler - white A 0.2 2.6 Scheurebe Seedling 88 white A 0.2 1.5 Muscat Ottonel - white A 0.2 3 Cabernet Franc - red A 0.2 0.5 Roesler - red A 0.2 0 Rathay - red 0.1 - 0 Roter Veltliner - white 0 - 1.5 Blue Wildbacher - red 0 - 0.1 And. white varieties - white 2 0.4 3 WHITE VARIETIES 490 80.1 490 RED VARIETIES 122 19.9 104 TOTAL 612 100 594
The Viennese wine has a half thousand years of history and is at least as old as the city itself, as this was still a small settlement. Even the Celts and before them the Illyrians had operated 500 BC in this area, which they called "Vedunia", even before the Romans wine, as evidenced by numerous finds, such as barrels, pressing devices and grape seeds. Among other things, the famous nut-hill in the north of the city, where many vineyards are still applied. When Emperor Marcus Aurelius Probus Marcus Aurelius (232-282) of the Emperor Domitian (51-96) enacted ban lifted, to plant vines outside Italy, the Legion began in the 'Vindobona "Viticulture operate and use Roman methods. Today's major city with over 400 sq km area is literally built on vineyards.
Even in the late Middle Ages, the largest parts of the later Viennese districts were full of vineyards. There are documents, the vineyards in the current districts and city park districts, Minoritenplatz, Rennweg, Alserbach, Alsegg, Matzleinsdorf, Linke Wienzeile WeiĂgerberlĂ€nde, highway, Wieden and Mariahilf testify. Throughout the Middle Ages was the wine in Vienna, the main income source and the Vienna of them survived. Already in the early Middle Ages, the landlord-trade as a lucrative business and there are taverns name from the 14th Century documentary evidence.
Today's "bar district" in the first District gave the many wine bars and beer gardens in the area its name. There were regulations, who was allowed to sell wine to pour with what conditions and with protective measures against Zechpreller and ruffians. This was necessary because "boozing and brawling" was also a part of Vienna at the time of life. In the epistle is Sauffnarr the famous preacher Abraham a Sancta Clara (1644-1709) eloquently information. To protect the wine strict laws and regulations have been adopted. A strong competition was created by Duke Albrecht V and beer (1397-1439) forbade serving the public in 1430, it wan the city and our burgers, wine, the wax may do great harm.
From the middle of the 14th Century began to bloom and the export of Viennese wine was sold in the German Reich to Poland and Bohemia. At the beginning of the 15th Century grew the vineyards in and around Vienna rapidly and almost completely supplanted agriculture. Therefore, it was banned in 1426 by Duke Albrecht V, the creation of new vineyards in order to ensure food security in the city. Emperor Ferdinand I (1503-1564) described the wine in a city law as the primary food of the city of Vienna. The famous wine book of the priest John John quickly (1540-1612) describes in detail the vineyard, the wines, the winery and the techniques and drinking habits during this time.
Emperor Ferdinand III. (1608-1657) funded as it were with wine, the defense of Vienna against the siege of the Swedes in the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648), by introducing in 1639 a special wine tax in the amount of a penny per bucket of wine stored. It successfully managed to ward off the Swedes. The Swedes were caught as a mockery of a glass of wine taxed, which was described as "Swedish wine." The best wines were stored in three-storey Imperial Hofkeller deep beneath the castle. The then Emperor Leopold I (1640-1705) commissioned the construction of a giant keg barrel with a capacity of 5050 buckets, which were 285 000 liters of wine. A wine without mentioning the history of Vienna's famous BĂ€nkelsĂ€ngers Lieber Augustin (Lived in the 17th century) would be incomplete. Of noteworthy is the year 1443, in which the wine was so extremely angry that even supposedly the tires of the barrels were attacked. In Vienna's mouth, which has always been understood accurately, "to bring things to the point", so the name was mature biter created.