This wine profession was formerly widespread throughout Europe, but is now almost extinct (the author has seen such a vineyard keeper in Lower Austria in the 1950s but still even). Depending on region and country, there were a variety of names such as Bannert, Beer guardian, hall keeper, keepers years, vineyard keeper, keepers and Saltner Wingert (South Tyrol). Instead of "guardian" was also "charge" is used. The authorities were in the so-called "Hutzeit" the task from the time of grape maturity - that is, before the start of the vintage - to guard the vineyards and to protect against theft. In addition, they had the vineyards from pest birds (some still practiced today) andYou see a shortened form of description. The full description is reserved for our subscribers.