The Austrian wine region is one of eight of the state of Lower Austria and covers 1350 hectares. It is of the Danube flows through, lie at the northern slopes of the banks, many of the most terraced vineyards. The narrow valley along the Danube is only 33, the wine-growing area 15 miles long. The gateway to the west is the Melk Abbey of the Order of Benedictine Is (since 1089), in the east by the 1,000 year old city Krems limited. The story reported that the 5th Century in Favianis (Mautern) the monk Severinus (410-482) lived in the midst of vineyards, so it has been here even then viticulture. The English king Richard the Lionheart (1157-1199) was taken on his return from the Third Crusade in the vicinity of Vienna and imprisoned in the castle DÃ¼rnstein recorded.
King Henry II (973-1024) gave 1002 the small settlement Liupna, Loiben today, the monastery of Tegernsee. The Vienna Mayor Karl Lueger (1844-1910) proffered by the turn of the century at a ball Emperor Franz Joseph I (1830-1916) Loibner a wine with him, saying: "I did not think that it is so in my country Wine is good, "commented. Lueger struck out the common name to this day "Loibner Emperor wine" before. The Benedictine Abbey of Melk had not only vineyards in the Wachau region, but also in the communities Gumpoldskirchen , And PfaffstÃ¤tten Baden (Austria) . In village near Krems tube is still a growing area of â€‹â€‹approximately 100 acres owned by the pen, the gift was from 1113 by Leuthold Kuenring.
With wine cellar out of the pen was in Turkish siege of Vienna in 1683 cleared a fire which had already captured the steeple and the bells threatened. In 1703, 24 000 buckets stored in wine cellars, which were about 1.3 million gallons! Finally, it was with the proceeds from the 18th Weinzehent Century, the rebuilding of the post-Baroque to the present magnificent place. By climate changes and severe duty it was to the demise of the wine culture. It was not until the mid-19th Century by the introduction of new varieties such as Riesling and Veltliner wines produced again.
The terrain is mostly shallow with a high mineral content and therefore warm. The soils are composed of loess, sand and trenches. In some situations the terrace humus layer is not more than 50 inches, is among the polished granite. The Atlantic-Pannonian mixed environment is characterized by hydrating the Danube, which is heat-reinforcing through reflection. An important factor for the particular climate is the large temperature difference between day and night.
The Wachau wine-growing villages extend to the left and right side of the Danube. These are on the left bank, with its vineyards DÃ¼rnstein (Forest cabins, Rothenhof) with wife vineyards Hollerin , Kellerberg (Riede Austria) , Pfaffenberg (Riede Austria) and Bulk ; DÃ¼rnstein-Loiben (Oberloiben, Unterloiben) with Kreutles , Loibenberg , MÃ¼hlpoint, Bulk and Steinertal ; Spitz (Well at the dock, jet stream, VieÃŸling) with Auleithen (Urriede the vine Neuburger ) Axpoint , Tausendeimerberg , Honivogl , Singerriedel and Steinborz ; Weisskirchen (Joching, St. Michael, WÃ¶sendorf) with Achleiten , Bush hill, Mrs. gardens, manufacturing, Hochrain , Church road, Klaus (Riede Austria) , Ritzling and Steinriegl. The communities are on the right bank Rossatz-Arnsdorf woman with vineyards, apple wood box, in Mugler, Kirnberg, Poigen and Steiger, and Mautern with Point Silberbichl , Sweet mountain mountains and wine. The Wachau was in the category of "cultural landscape" of the 2000 UNESCO World Heritage appointed.
Among the most famous Wachau producers include Alzinger , Wolfgang BÃ¤uerl , Dinstlgut , Domain Wachau , In the nick Donabaum , Donabaum Sighardt , Eigl Christian , Josef Gritsch , Gritsch Mauritiushof , Gritsch novel , Franz Hirtzberger , Joseph HÃ¶gl , , Holzapfel Karl , Fritz Hutter , Joseph Lumpur , KartÃ¤userhof , Emmerich Knoll , Karl Lagler , Lesehof Stagard , Muthenthaler Martin , Nikolaihof , Pichler, Franz Xaver , Pichler-Krutzler , Rudi Pichler , Prague , Melting John , Theresa Schmidl , Snow White Anton , John Black (DÃ¼rnstein) , Heinz Sigl , Stierschneider Paul and Tegernseerhof . Under the brand name Vinea Wachau Nobilis Districtus area are typical of quality wines produced according to strict quality criteria. Most of the Wachau wine are a member of this association.
The Blend is based on the 2009 survey conducted Weingarten. Compared to the last survey in 1999 there were no significant changes in the varieties. The clearly dominant grape variety is Riesling. The two varieties Chardonnay and Pinot Noir were not recorded together in 1999:
Variety - Austrian
in Austria, officially permitted
Green Veltliner WeiÃŸgipfler white 704 52.1 710 White Riesling Riesling , Rhine Riesling white 221 16.4 185 Zweigelt Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger red 101 7.5 97 MÃ¼ller-Thurgau Rivaner white 86 6.4 127 Neuburger - white 58 4.2 81 White Burgundy Pinot Blanc , Klevner , White Burgundy white 42 3.1 ? Chardonnay Morillon - Not used in NE white 20.5 1.5 ? Early Roter Veltliner Malmsey white 17 1.3 20 Muscatel Muscat, Red M. white 17 1.2 6 Mixed Set - white 17 1.2 29 Blue Portugal - red 13 0.9 15 St. Laurent - red 12 0.9 15 Blue Burger - red 9.5 0.7 11.3 Sauvignon Blanc Muskat-Sylvaner white 6.3 0.5 2.1 Pinot Noir Pinot Noir , Blue SpÃ¤tb. red, pink. red 6 0.4 5.4 Muscat Ottonel - white 5 0.4 3.5 Mixed Set - red 3.7 0.3 11 Traminer Gewurztraminer, T. Red, T. Yellow white 2.5 0.2 1.9 Pinot Gris Pinot Gris , Pinot Grigio white 1.9 0.1 2.1 Cabernet Sauvignon - red 1.9 0.1 0.9 Roter Veltliner - white 1.7 0.1 1.5 BlaufrÃ¤nkisch - red 1.5 0.1 1.6 Merlot - red 0.8 0.1 0.5 Roesler - red 0.7 0.1 0 JubilÃ¤umsrebe - white 0.6 - 0.3 Syrah Shiraz red 0.3 - 0 Bouvier - white 0.3 - 0.3 Goldburger - white 0.3 - 0.1 Silvaner GrÃ¼ner Sylvaner white 0.3 - 0.8 Zierfandler SpÃ¤trot white 0.1 - 0.1 Rathay - red 0.1 - 0 Rotgipfler - white 0 - 0.1 Welschriesling - white 0 - 0.1 And. white varieties - white 0.1 - 0.1 And. red varieties - red 0.1 - 0.2 WHITE VARIETIES 1200 88.9 1169 RED VARIETIES 150 11.1 157 TOTAL 1350 100 1326