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Wallis / Valais

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   Wallis / Valais      
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Klassifiz. Producer: 16
Wines tasted: 23

Third largest canton in Switzerland with the capital Sion (Fr. Immersion). He is also one of the six Swiss wine regions. In 2007, scientists found out the University of Basel, there is already 800-600 BC, grapes were cultivated. Today, the vineyards stretch over 50 kilometers long from the German Upper Valais into the French-speaking Valais along the Rhone to an altitude of 450 to 650 meters. Those of Visperterminen in the Upper Valais even significantly higher at 1,100 meters. The local vineyard Riebe is the highest altitude vineyard in Central Europe. Most of the vineyards located on the right, to the south-facing shores of Martigny-Rhone Leuk. Smaller areas are located between Lake Geneva and the Rhône near Martigny knee. The limited high-walled vineyards on steep slopes are often terraced, part of it as a so-called "shelf" that are cut horizontally into the slope. There are limestone, gneiss, schist and alluvial soils.

The vineyards cover 5236 hectares of vineyards. They are characterized by approximately 60 different varieties, only four of them account for almost 90% of the area. That's more than half of the Fendant (Chasselas), Pinot Noir, Gamay and Sylvaner. With the neighboring Italian Valle d'Aosta is a geographical island with a very old variety, indigenous grape varieties formed, as the old plants (see there) called. Traditionally, for Switzerland, the whites are still a part Malolactic fermentation subjected. Pinot Noir and Gamay, the traditional red wine Dole generated. A rarity is the so-called 36 Plants These are wines (used actually 36) different varieties. A specialty is sweet Spätlese (also flétri called) with a potential alcohol content to 20% vol. Above Sierre comes from the Val d'Anniviers (Eifisch Valley) of Glacier Wine (Vin des Glaciers).

In 1993 was introduced as the first canton Valais in the appellate system AOC. Individual records are by community rules as Grand Cru classification, although there are still more demanding than for AOC. The Grand Cru AOC status documents must necessarily have. The following AOC communities: Ardon, Ayent Chamoson, Conthey, Fully (Grand Crus), Grimisuat, Lens, Miege, Saillon Salquenen (In German Salgesch) Savièse, Saxon, Sierre, Sion, St-Léonard (Grand Crus), Varen Venthône and Vétroz (Grand Crus). Some 22,000 wine with some very small property with only a few hectares of vines produce about 40% of Swiss wine. Among these are 60% to 40% of whites and reds. Famous wine-producers and trading houses are Bonvin , Domaine du Mont d'Or , Favre , Gay , Germanier , Gilliard , Imesch , St. John winery , Nouveau Salquenen , Orsat , Provins Valais , Rouvinez , Varone and Vins des Chevaliers .
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