Austrian name for two typical institutions. On the one hand, is so named, the new wine of the current (of this year) age group. To Martini (Martin's) , The feast and the feast of St. Martin , 11 November is baptized and thus to the wine taverns. The taverns are up to that in the sequel to the "old". Until that day you may not enjoy the traditional way when the toasts use "cheers". The designation is reserved within the EU, Austria and regulated wine law. As a country winery may wines and quality wines to be labeled if they were made exclusively from grapes harvested in Austria. You may not later than 31 December of the year following the harvest to retailers and to 31 March of the following year will be sold to the consumer. When in bottles or Tetra Pak bottled wine tavern is on Label specify the year.
On the other hand, winery is also the name for a typical wine bar, which is then poured the homemade wine, wine taverns just the wine. Taverns are not open all year. To see the tap, is a green "Busch'n" made of branches (twigs) are mounted above the front door. The main common name in Germany tavern has the same meaning. In ancient times the ausgeschenkte young wine was referred to as "Henglwein". This is derived from the fixed to the wall bar (the "Hengl") from where the fronds attached (hanging) was. Even today, with family names testify "Hengl" or similar Vienna and in the domestic environment (for example, the famous wine tavern "Bachhengl" Grinzing ).
The official birth of the wine taverns opened on 17 August 1784 by the following written Order of the Austrian Emperor Joseph II (1741-1790): is expressly prohibited Despite various regulations the landlords, their subjects some kind, in whatever force upon a mass for the purchases and sales, so still have different cases occurred, proving that the disregard of this Act, and the renewal of the same make to protect the subjects necessary. We forbid therefore hereby all the basic authorities for severe punishment, their subjects, under whatever a name or pretext, food or beverages to Buy, Sell or dispensing forcing upon to magisterial statement, or the same force, at a higher price than the government pour out, however, and give everyone the freedom to sell the goods he even food, wine and cider at all times of the year, how, when and at what price will he, or pour out.
The Congress of Vienna (September 1814-June 1815) Europe was reorganized. In addition to the formal sessions, there were countless banquets, parties, balls and heurigen visits went so well for this reason, only the tough and arduous negotiations. The famous phrase "The Congress Dances" illustrates this very well. The rulers of the major European countries were represented in person and have also privately amused. It circulated a leaflet in which represented the always striking Viennese vernacular, the special preferences of the ruler:
* Tsar Alexander I of Russia: He loves all
* King Friedrich Wilhelm III. of Prussia: He thinks for all
* King Frederick VI. Denmark: He speaks for all
* King Joseph Maximilian I of Bavaria: He drinks for all
* King Frederick I of WÃ¼rttemberg: He eats all
* Emperor Franz I of Austria: he pays for all
From the Russian Tsar Alexander I (1777-1825) is known, that he has visited often and very happy Viennese wine taverns (incognito). Highest appreciation experienced by the Crown Prince Rudolf Heurige (1858-1889), who had himself driven from his tribe-cab and confidante Josef fried fish, which occurred as a wine tavern singer, regularly to the wine tavern in Dornbach and Hernals. The two famous composer Ludwig van Beethoven Ludwig (1770-1827) and Franz Franz Schubert (1797-1828) were also enthusiastic Heurigen visitors. For the most Viennese wine tavern came the songs, many of which put the wine, women, and a monument of sociability ("Wine, Women and Song"). Often they are of a certain "Tristesse" was coined, which supposedly corresponds with the disposition and attitude of the "typical Viennese". So completely within the meaning of the famous song "Sold my G'wand's i-propelled 'into heaven."